Geddes, Sir Patrick

Geddes, Sir Patrick

▪ Scottish biologist and sociologist
born Oct. 2, 1854, Ballater, Aberdeen, Scot.
died April 17, 1932, Montpellier, Fr.

      Scottish biologist and sociologist who was one of the modern pioneers of the concept of town and regional planning.

      Greatly influenced by Charles Darwin's evolutionary arguments and their application to society, Geddes chose to study biology in London under Darwin's champion, Thomas Henry Huxley. While professor of botany at University College in Dundee, Angus (1889–1919), he emphasized the development of sexual reproduction as a major step in organic evolution and, with the naturalist John Arthur Thomson, published The Evolution of Sex (1889).

      Geddes turned his attention to sociology after an attack of blindness in Mexico hampered his biological experimentation. His researches in India, where he served as professor of sociology and civics at Bombay University (1920–23), and in Palestine, Mexico, and Scotland formed the basis of his conviction that the development of human communities was primarily biological in nature, consisting of interactions among people, their environment, and their activities. He developed an innovative philosophy of urban planning, summarized in City Development (1904) and Cities in Evolution (1915). After his return from India, Geddes directed Scots College in Montpellier. He was knighted in 1932.

Additional Reading
Studies of his life and ideas include Paddy Kitchen, A Most Unsettling Person (1975); Philip Boardman, The Worlds of Patrick Geddes: Biologist, Town Planner, Re-educator, Peace-warrior (1978); and Helen Meller, Patrick Geddes: Social Evolutionist and City Planner (1990).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Geddes — is a surname and a place name.PeopleNearly all people who share the surname Geddes have ancestry traced to a clan in the Scottish Highlands. Many also have a connection to a Baron born of Clan Geddes whose standard is a red shield with three… …   Wikipedia

  • Geddes-Plan — Der Geddes Plan (hebräisch ‏תוכנית גדס‎) ist der erste Bebauungsplan der Stadt Tel Aviv, der 1927 1929 vom schottischen Stadtplaner Sir Patrick Geddes ausgearbeitet wurde. Das geplante Gebiet umfasst hauptsächlich das Stadtzentrum und den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geddes — /ged eez/, n. 1. Norman Bel /bel/, 1893 1958, U.S. industrial and stage designer and architect. 2. Sir Patrick, 1854 1932, Scottish biologist, sociologist, and town planner. * * * …   Universalium

  • Geddes — /ged eez/, n. 1. Norman Bel /bel/, 1893 1958, U.S. industrial and stage designer and architect. 2. Sir Patrick, 1854 1932, Scottish biologist, sociologist, and town planner …   Useful english dictionary

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