Ged, William

Ged, William

▪ Scottish goldsmith
born 1690, Edinburgh, Scot.
died Oct. 19, 1749, Leith, Midlothian

      Scottish goldsmith who invented (1725) stereotyping (stereotype), a process in which a whole page of type is cast in a single mold so that a printing plate can be made from it. His work was opposed by typefounders and compositors, and the process was abandoned until the early 1800s.

      Although Ged's system made fair copy, the opposition to his work resulted in its complete rejection by printers. He experimented in secret and won a contract to supply Bibles and prayer books to the University of Cambridge, but he was ruined by the dishonesty of his London collaborator. He then became a goldsmith and jeweler.

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Universalium. 2010.

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