Garstang, John

Garstang, John

▪ British archaeologist
born May 5, 1876, Blackburn, Lancashire, Eng.
died Sept. 12, 1956, Beirut, Lebanon

      English archaeologist who made major contributions to the study of the ancient history and prehistory of Asia Minor and Palestine.

      Best known for his excavation of Jericho (1930–36), Garstang entered the field of archaeology by excavating Roman remains in Britain, notably at Ribchester, Lancashire. For about 40 years he successfully combined fieldwork with an academic career. He became a lecturer in Egyptian archaeology at the University of Liverpool (1902), where he served as professor of methods and practice of archaeology from 1907 to 1941.

      His work in Egypt, first at Abydos with the famed English archaeologist Flinders Petrie (1900), continued through 1908 and included excavation of a number of sites. During a visit to the excavation of the Hittite capital at Hattusas (now Boğazköy, Turkey), he witnessed the discovery of the Hittite royal archives, and a major aspect of his career thus was launched. While carrying out research in northern Syria and Anatolia, he decided to excavate a mound near Sakcagöz, Turkey. Between 1907 and 1911 a wealth of discoveries were made there, from architectural remains and sculpture of the late Hittite period to Neolithic pottery and implements of the 5th and 4th millennia BC. In 1910 he published The Land of the Hittites. From 1909 to 1914 he directed much attention to the northern Sudan, excavating ancient Meroe and the nearby temple of the sun, analyzing this work in Meroë: The City of the Ethiopians (1911).

      Garstang became the first director of the British School of Archaeology in Palestine in 1919, where he developed plans for systematic archaeological surveys. He studied a number of sites, including that of Ascalon (present-day Ashqelon), near Gaza, where he found evidence of habitation dating back to 2000 BC. His excavation of places associated with the passing of the Israelites into Canaan aroused considerable interest and support. In 1926, near the Sea of Galilee, he identified Hazor of the Bible. From 1930 to 1936 he worked at Jericho and made the first soundings to reach very early strata that antedated the use of pottery. Though he related some fallen city walls to Joshua's conquest, later research indicated that they date from three centuries earlier. Nevertheless, his book The Foundations of Bible History: Joshua, Judges (1931) remains a valuable source of information.

      In 1937 he again turned his attention to the land of the Hittites. Choosing Yümük Tepesi, near Mersin, Turkey, as his site, he found many valuable prehistoric remains. He became director of the British Institute of Archaeology in Turkey (1947) and published the results of his last major effort in Prehistoric Mersin (1953).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GARSTANG, JOHN° — (1876–1956), British archaeologist; professor of archaeology at the University of Liverpool from 1907 to 1941. From 1900 to 1908 he conducted excavations in Egypt, Nubia, Asia Minor, and northern Syria, and from 1909 to 1914 he worked at ancient… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • John Garstang — (* 5. Mai 1876 in Blackburn; † 12. September 1956) war ein britischer Archäologe und Altertumsforscher. Geboren wurde er in Blackburn in der Grafschaft Lancashire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Garstang — John Garstang, arqueólogo británico, nació el 5 de mayo de 1876 y murió en Beirut el 12 de septiembre de 1956. Dedicó sus estudios especialmente al Cercano Oriente, Anatolia y el sur del Levante mediterráneo (región de la costa mediterránea desde …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Garstang — Infobox Scientist name = John Garstang box width = image width =150px caption = John Garstang aged 80 birth date = May 5, 1876 birth place = death date = September 12, 1956 death place = Beirut residence = citizenship = nationality = British… …   Wikipedia

  • John Ogilby — (November 1600 ndash; September 4, 1676) was a Scottish translator, impresario and cartographer. He is known best for his Britannia Atlas of 1675, which was perhaps the first British road atlas, and set the standard for those that followed (for… …   Wikipedia

  • John Brogden and Sons — was a firm of Railway Contractors, Iron and Coal Miners and Iron Smelters operating from roughly 1837 to the bankruptcy in 1883. However the business essentially started when John Brogden (1798 ndash;1869) moved from his father’s farm near… …   Wikipedia

  • John Le Gay Brereton — (2 September 1871 – 2 February 1933) was an Australian poet, critic and Professor of English at the University of Sydney. He was the first president of the Fellowship of Australian Writers when it was formed in Sydney in 1928.Early lifeBrereton… …   Wikipedia

  • John Carr (architect) — John Carr (1723 1807) was a prolific English architect. He was born in Horbury, near Wakefield, England, the eldest of nine children and the son of a master mason, under whom he trained. [ Oxford… …   Wikipedia

  • Garstang — Infobox UK place official name= Garstang population= 4,074 (2001 Census) country= England os grid reference= SD495455 london distance= 199 miles (322 km) SE latitude= 53.903 longitude= 2.767 shire district= Wyre shire county= Lancashire region=… …   Wikipedia

  • Garstang and Knot-End Railway — The Garstang and Knot End Railway [ sic ] was devised to provide an outlet for farmers in the Over Wyre area of the Fylde in Lancashire, England, to transport their produce up and down the country. HistoryIn December 1863, a prospectus was… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”