Galuppi, Baldassare

Galuppi, Baldassare

▪ Italian composer
byname  Il Buranello  
born Oct. 18, 1706, island of Burano, near Venice [Italy]
died Jan. 3, 1784, Venice
 Italian composer whose comic operas won him the title “father of the opera buffa.” His nickname derives from his birthplace, Burano.

      Galuppi was taught by his father, a barber and violinist, and studied under A. Lotti in Venice. After producing two operas in collaboration with G.B. Pescetti (1728–29), he began composing operas for Venetian theatres. In 1741 he visited London and arranged a pasticcio, titled Alexander in Persia. Several of his own operas were produced in England, including Enrico (1743), and the contemporary music historian Charles Burney wrote of his considerable influence on English composers. In 1748 he became assistant concertmaster at San Marco Basilica in Venice and in 1762 concertmaster there. From 1766 to 1768 he was chapelmaster to Catherine II in Russia, where he composed Ifigenia in Tauride (“Iphigeneia in Tauris”), an opera seria. In 1768 he returned to Venice and resumed his duties at San Marco.

      Galuppi was one of the most prolific and widely performed opera composers of the period, and his oeuvre includes at least 100 operas composed between 1722 and 1773, comic as well as serious. Many of them (after 1749) were collaborations with the famous Venetian dramatist Carlo Goldoni. Of Galuppi's comic operas, Il filosofo di campagna (1754; “The Country Philosopher”) was the most popular. He was one of the earliest composers of opera to use the ensemble finale, in which all the characters appear in a musical ensemble that carries the action forward to the end of the act. Besides operas, Galuppi wrote religious and instrumental works.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Galuppi, Baldassare — ► (1706 85) Compositor italiano, llamado il Buranello. Autor de Il filosofo di campagna (ópera cómica) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galuppi — Galuppi, Baldassare …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baldassare Galuppi — (* 18. Oktober 1706 in Burano bei Venedig; † 3. Januar 1785 in Venedig) war als italienischer Komponist von zentraler Bedeutung für die Entwicklung der opera buffa seiner Zeit, aber auch einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der opera seria. Nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galuppi — Baldassare Galuppi (* 18. Oktober 1706 in Burano bei Venedig; † 3. Januar 1785 in Venedig) war als italienischer Komponist von zentraler Bedeutung für die Entwicklung der opera buffa seiner Zeit, aber auch einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baldassare Galuppi — Statue de Baldassare Galuppi à Burano Surnom Il Buranello Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baldassare Galuppi — (October 18, 1706 ndash; January 3, 1785) was an Italian composer from Venice, noted for his operas, and particularly opera buffa.He was born on the island of Burano in the Venetian Lagoon, and as a result, he became known as Il Buranello. His… …   Wikipedia

  • Baldassare Galuppi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Monumento a Galuppi en Burano. Baldassare Galuppi (18 de octubre de 1706 3 de enero de 1785) fue un compositor veneciano, famoso por sus óperas y principalment …   Wikipedia Español

  • Baldassare Galuppi — (18 de octubre, 1706 3 de enero, 1785) fue un compositor Veneciano, famoso por sus óperas y principalmente por la Ópera bufa Nació en la isla de Burano en el lago Veneciano, por lo cual llegó a ser conocido como Il Buranello . Su primer intento… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galuppi — Galụppi,   Baldassare, genannt Il Buranẹllo, italienischer Komponist, *Burano 18. 10. 1706, ✝ Venedig 3. 1. 1785; Schüler von A. Lotti, 1741 43 in London Komponist für das Haymarket (beziehungsweise King s) Theatre, wurde 1748 Kapellmeister an… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Galuppi — /gah loohp pee/, n. Baldassare /bahl dahs sah rdde/, ( Il Buranello ), 1706 85, Italian composer. * * * …   Universalium

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