Fuller, J F C

Fuller, J F C

▪ British army officer
born Sept. 1, 1878, Chichester, Sussex, Eng.
died Feb. 10, 1966, Falmouth, Cornwall
 British army officer, military theoretician, and war historian who became one of the founders of modern armoured warfare.

      Commissioned into the British Army in 1899, Fuller saw service in the South African War and was a staff officer in France during World War I. As chief of staff of the British tank corps from December 1916, he planned the surprise attack of 381 tanks at the Battle of Cambrai (Cambrai, Battle of) on Nov. 20, 1917; this was the first massed tank assault in the history of warfare. After the war he launched a crusade for the mechanization and modernization of the British army. Chief instructor of Camberly Staff College from 1923, he became military assistant to the chief of the imperial general staff in 1926. He was promoted to major general in 1930 and retired three years later to devote himself entirely to writing.

      Throughout the interwar period, Fuller wrote voluminously, his most notable works being Tanks in the Great War (1920), The Reformation of War (1923), On Future Warfare (1928), and Memoirs of an Unconventional Soldier (1936). His lectures (Field Service Regulations III, 1937) were adopted for study by the general staffs of the German, Soviet, and Czechoslovak armies. But in glorifying the tank as an almost independent and irresistible land battleship, Fuller was considered extreme, and his emphasis on the armoured offensive alienated English military tacticians who were still imbued with the defensive doctrines of World War I.

      Fuller served as a reporter during the Italian invasion of Ethiopia (1935) and the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and was the only foreigner present at Nazi Germany's first armed maneuvers in 1935. Seeing his teachings largely vindicated by World War II, he produced Machine Warfare in 1942 and wrote one of the first histories of the conflict, The Second World War 1939–1945 (1948). His most comprehensive work was A Military History of the Western World, 3 vol. (1954–56), in which he analyzed Western warfare from its beginnings through World War II.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Fuller — ist ein berufsbezogener englischer Familienname, der sich auf das Walken von Wolle bezieht.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuller — may refer to:* People with the surname Fuller (surname) * Fuller, a worker who cleanses wool through the process of fulling * Fuller s earth a clay used for filtering and purifying * Fuller (weapon), a groove in a knife or sword blade, to lighten …   Wikipedia

  • Fuller — Fuller, Margaret Fuller, Richard Bukminster * * * (as used in expressions) Austin, Stephen (Fuller) Fuller, J(ohn) F(rederick) C(harles) Fuller, Loie Marie Louise Fuller Fuller, (Sarah) Margaret Fuller, R(ichard) Buckminster …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Füller — steht für: Füllfederhalter, Schreibgerät Blender (Kryptographie), Zeichen ohne Nachricht in der Kryptographie Filler (Farbe), eine spezielle Farbe zum Ausgleich von Oberflächenunebenheiten Abdecker, Berufsbezeichnung bei der Beseitigung und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuller — Full er, n. [AS. fullere, fr. L. fullo. See {Full}, v. t.] One whose occupation is to full cloth. [1913 Webster] {Fuller s earth}, a variety of clay, used in scouring and cleansing cloth, to imbibe grease. {Fuller s herb} (Bot.), the soapwort… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • FULLER (J. F. C.) — FULLER JOHN FREDERICK CHARLES (1878 1966) Général britannique et théoricien militaire. Spécialiste des chars pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, Fuller fut ensuite correspondant de guerre (Éthiopie, Espagne) et critique militaire. Organisée par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • FULLER (L.) — FULLER MARIE LOUISE dite LOÏE (1862 1928) Danseuse américaine de music hall, née à Fullersburg, près de Chicago. Marie Louise Fuller («la Loïe Fuller») paraît pour la première fois à Paris aux Folies Bergère (1892) et enthousiasma le public lors… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • FULLER (R. B.) — FULLER RICHARD BUCKMINSTER (1895 1983) Ingénieur américain, connu sous le nom de Buckminster Fuller, créateur de structures architecturales d’avant garde et urbaniste visionnaire. Fuller fait ses études à l’université Harvard (1913 1915), puis… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fuller — Full er, v. t. To form a groove or channel in, by a fuller or set hammer; as, to fuller a bayonet. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fuller — one who fulls cloth, O.E. fullere, from L. fullo (see FULL (Cf. full) (v.)). The substance called fuller s earth (silicate of alumina) is first recorded 1520s, so called because it was used in cleansing cloth …   Etymology dictionary

  • Füller — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Auch: • Kugelschreiber • (Schreib)Stift Bsp.: • Kann ich deinen Füller benutzen? …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

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