Fraser Island

Fraser Island

also called  Great Sandy Island 

      island off the southeastern coast of Queensland, Australia, separated from the mainland and the port of Maryborough by Hervey Bay and Great Sandy Strait. About 75 miles (120 km) long and 15 miles (25 km) at its widest point, it is the largest sand island in the world. Sand hills rise to nearly 800 feet (250 metres), and there are 40 perched dune lakes (about half the world total). There are also rainforests and extensive wildflower heaths on the island. Birdlife abounds on Fraser Island, but there are few species of mammals (bats are most common, and there are some dingoes). The southwestern part of Fraser Island is a tourist resort.

      In 1860 Fraser Island was designated an Aboriginal reserve (archaeological evidence indicates that Aborigines inhabited the island for at least 5,000 years), a distinction revoked in 1906, after Aborigines were removed from the island. Part of Fraser Island has been a forest reserve since 1908, about one-fourth of the island was declared a national park in 1971, and in 1976 Great Sandy National Park was established and extended to occupy roughly the northern third of the island. In 1992 the entire island was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.

      The island yields kauri and hoop pine, blackbutt, and satinay timber. Sand mining was carried out on the island until 1977, when the Commonwealth government banned exports of the mineral sands.

      The island was sighted in 1770 by British explorer Captain James Cook (Cook, James), who believed it to be a promontory; the first landing was made by navigator Matthew Flinders (Flinders, Matthew) in 1802. It was named for Captain James Fraser, who, with several of his party, was killed there by Aborigines in 1836 (some accounts say it was named for Fraser's wife, Eliza, who survived and was rescued). Area about 620 square miles (1,600 square km).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fraser Island — (K’gari) Die Fraser Insel aus der Luft Gewässer Korallenmeer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fraser Island — Infobox Islands name = Fraser Island image caption = View from Indian Head, Fraser Island locator native name = native name link = location = Australia coordinates= coord|25|13|S|153|08|E|display=inline,title area = 1,840 km sup2; highest mount …   Wikipedia

  • Fraser Island — Île Fraser Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fraser. Fraser Island K Gari Modèle:Batjala Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fraser Island — /freɪzər ˈaɪlənd/ (say frayzuhr uyluhnd) noun an island off the south east coast of Qld; the largest sand island in the world; subject of mining controversy between conservationists and the federal government in the 1970s; inscribed on the World… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Fraser Island — noun a island located along the southern coast of Queensland, Australia, approximately 300 kilometres north of Brisbane …   Wiktionary

  • Fraser Island Retreat — (Фрейзер Айленд,Австралия) Категория отеля …   Каталог отелей

  • Fraser Island Retreat Lakes Entrance — (Lakes Entrance,Австралия) Категория отеля …   Каталог отелей

  • Fraser Island (Australia) — Hotels: Kingfisher Bay Resort and Village Fraser Island (Western side) …   International hotels

  • Fraser Island Great Walk — Infobox Islands name = Fraser Island locator native name = K gari location = Australia coordinates= coord|25|13|S|153|08|E|display=inline,title area = 1,840 km sup2; country = Australia country admin divisions title = State country admin… …   Wikipedia

  • Fraser Island sand skink — Taxobox image caption = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Reptilia ordo = familia = genus = species = Coggeria naufragus binomial = binomial authority = The Fraser Island sand skink is a newly discovered genus of skink believed to… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”