Fox, William

Fox, William

▪ American film producer
original name  Wilhelm Fried  
born Jan. 1, 1879, Tulchva, Hung.
died May 8, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      American motion-picture executive who built a multimillion-dollar empire controlling a large portion of the exhibition, distribution, and production of film facilities during the era of silent film.

      Fox worked as a newsboy and in the fur and garment industry before investing in a Brooklyn nickelodeon. By 1913 he was one of the most powerful of the independent exhibitors and distributors and led their successful fight against the Motion Picture Patents Company, an attempted monopoly of the industry. In 1915 the Fox Film Corporation, the progenitor of the Twentieth Century-Fox studios, was formed.

      Fox introduced organ accompaniment to the silent films shown in his theatres and pioneered in designing theatres for the comfort of the patrons. Through an adroit use of publicity, he developed Theda Bara into the first screen vamp and a star. He was also famous for the 1927 news series Movietone News, the first commercially successful sound film.

      Because of the expense of converting 1,100 theatres to sound equipment and the economic crisis of the early 1930s, Fox's empire crumbled. He declared bankruptcy in 1936 and in 1942 served a term in prison for obstructing justice. For the remainder of his life he lived quietly in Long Island, New York.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fox,William — Fox, William. Originally Wilhelm Fried. 1879 1952. Hungarian born American motion picture executive who founded his own film company (1915) and merged with 20th Century Pictures to form 20th Century Fox (1935). His company led in the development… …   Universalium

  • Fox, William — (1879 1952)    American film executive. He was brought to the US from Hungary. He established the Box Office Attractions Film Rental Company and opened a studio in Hollywood. He was eventually ousted from his own company. He was convicted of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • FOX, WILLIAM JOHNSON —    religious and political orator, born near Southwold, Suffolk; was trained for the Independent ministry, but seceded to the Unitarians, and subsequently established himself as a preacher of pronounced rationalism at Finsbury; as a supporter of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fox Mulder — David Duchovny as Fox Mulder First appearance Pilot Last appearance I Want to Believe Portra …   Wikipedia

  • William Fox (Politiker) — William Fox Sir William Fox, KCMG (* 1812 in South Shields, England; † 23. Juni 1893 in Auckland) war der zweite Premierminister Neuseelands. Er hatte dieses Amt insgesamt viermal inne: Das erste Mal vom 20. Mai bis 2. Juni 1856, das zweite Mal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fox (Familienname) — Fox ist ein Familienname. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William fox (producteur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir William Fox et Fox. William Fox (1er janvier 1879, Tolcsva (Hongrie 8 mai 1952), est le fondateur de la Fox Film Corporation (créée en 1915), désormais connue en tant que Twentieth Century Fox …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Fox — ist der Name folgender Personen: William Fox (Politiker) (1812–1893), viermaliger Premierminister Neuseelands William Fox (Produzent) (1879–1952), auch bekannt als Wilhelm Fuchs, Gründer der Fox Film Corporation (heute 20th Century Fox) William… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Darwin Fox — (* 23. April 1805; † 8. April 1880 in Sandown, Isle of Wight) war ein englischer Geistlicher und Naturforscher. Er war ein Großcousin von Charles Darwin. Leben und Wirken William Darwin Fox war ein Sohn von Samuel Fox (1765–1851) und dessen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Johnson Fox — (* 1. März 1786 in Uggeshall Farm, Wrentham, rund 30 km südöstlich von Norwich; † 3. Juni 1864 in London) war ein englischer unitarischer Geistlicher, Publizist und Politiker. Er studierte 1806 1809 am Independent College in Homerton (London)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”