Fischhof, Adolf

Fischhof, Adolf

▪ Austrian political theorist
born Dec. 8, 1816, Alt-Ofen, Hung., Austrian Empire
died March 23, 1893, Emmersdorf, Austria

      Austrian political theorist, one of the principal leaders of the Viennese revolution of 1848.

      As a young assistant physician, Fischhof was the first speaker to address the crowd assembled outside the building of the Austrian estates in Vienna on the morning of March 13, 1848—the first day of the revolution. Rising in a few days to a position of leadership in the Vienna student movement, he was subsequently (May 1848) elected president of the Executive Committee of Security, the ruling force in the Austrian capital through the summer of 1848. A leading member of the short-lived parliaments at Vienna and Kremsier (now Kroměříž, Czech Republic), he played a major role in the drafting of the ill-fated Kremsier constitution. With the final suppression of the revolution (March 1849), he was arrested and briefly imprisoned. Although his full civil rights were restored by a political amnesty in 1867, he refused to reenter public life, maintaining a voluntary exile at Emmersdorf, where he led the quiet life of a political theoretician. He had sketched a dualistic plan for the Habsburg monarchy six years before the 1867 Ausgleich (the compromise allowing the Magyars to dominate Hungary and the German element to rule the rest of the Austrian territories) and later proposed a scheme of federalization for the Austrian half of the empire that included provisions for a national curial system and “international language laws.” These theories of imperial reorganization exerted considerable influence in their day, especially in Czech national circles.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adolf Fischhof — Adolf Fischhof, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1848. Adolf Fischhof (1816–1893); Lithographie von Strixner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fischhof — Fischhof, Adolf, österreich. Politiker, geb. 8. Dez. 1816 in Altofen von jüdischen Eltern, gest. 23. März 1893 in Emmersbach bei Klagenfurt, studierte in Wien Medizin, spielte in den Märztagen 1848 eine hervorragende Rolle und vertrat später den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adolf Fischhof — See also Fischhof Adolf Fischhof (Hungarian: Fischhof Adolf) (December 8, 1816, Alt Ofen/Óbuda, Hungary March 23, 1893, Emmersdorf, near Klagenfurth, Carinthia) was a Hungarian Austrian writer and politician of Jewish descent.After studying… …   Wikipedia

  • Fischhof — ist ein Familienname: Adolf Fischhof (1816–1893), österreichischer Arzt und liberaler Politiker Adolf Fischhof (19. Jh.), österreichisch ungarischer Bildhauer und Medailleur Ágota Fischhof (1895–1976), ungarische Bibliothekarin und Autorin Georg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fischhof — Fịschhof,   Adolf, österreichischer Politiker, * Óbuda (heute zu Budapest) 8. 12. 1816, ✝ Emmersdorf (heute zu Klagenfurt) 23. 3. 1893; Sekundararzt, gab den Anstoß zur Wiener Märzrevolution 1848 und entwickelte sich in ihrem Verlauf zu einem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • FISCHHOFF, ADOLF — (1816–1893), Austrian politician; one of the leaders of the 1848 revolution. As the first to suggest solutions to the problems of the Hapsburg monarchy by placing its various nationalities on an equal footing, he influenced the formulation of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Liste der Biografien/Fi — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Straßennamen von Wien/Favoriten — Straßen in Wien I. Innere Stadt | II. Leopoldstadt | III. Landstraße | IV. Wieden | V. Margareten | VI. Mariahilf | VII.  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1848er-Revolution — Jubelnde Revolutionäre nach Barrikadenkämpfen am 18. März 1848 in Berlin Als Deutsche Revolution von 1848/49 – bezogen auf die erste Revolutionsphase des Jahres 1848 auch Märzrevolution – wird das revolutionäre Geschehen bezeichnet, das sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”