Fesch, Joseph

Fesch, Joseph

▪ French cardinal

born Jan. 3, 1763, Ajaccio, Corsica [now in France]
died May 13, 1839, Rome, Papal States [Italy]
 French cardinal who was Napoleon's (Napoleon I) ambassador to the Vatican in Rome.

      Fesch was a Corsican and the half brother of Napoleon's mother. After studies at the Seminary of Aix (1781–86) he became archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of his native city of Ajaccio. During the French Revolution, the Bonaparte family opposed the Corsican revolution of Pasquale Paoli, a native revolutionary leader, and Fesch was forced to join them in emigration to Toulon, Fr., in 1793. Soon after, he left the church and made a considerable fortune through business ventures and accompanied Napoleon to Italy as a supply contractor (1795–97).

      Fesch returned to the church in 1800 and two years later was appointed archbishop of Lyon. In 1803 he received his cardinal's hat and journeyed to Rome as French ambassador. In this post, Fesch, often without enthusiasm, was forced to try to work out the difficulties between imperial policies and papal resistance. Increasingly he became estranged from this aspect of Napoleon's designs. In 1809, after Napoleon had virtually imprisoned the pope, Fesch refused to accept the archbishopric of Paris as a protest gesture. In 1811 he opened a council of the Gallican (or French national) church with a forceful declaration of fidelity to the papacy. This indiscretion caused Fesch to have to retire to Lyon and, when the empire fell, to Rome. He lived the remainder of his life still archbishop of Lyon, for the pope would not comply with French demands that he be deposed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fesch, Joseph — • Cardinal, b. at Ajaccio, Corsica, 3 January, 1763; d. at Rome, 13 May, 1839 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fesch, Joseph     Joseph Fesch …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fesch, Joseph — (1763 1839)    prelate    Born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Joseph Fesch was the maternal uncle of napoléon i. Archdeacon of Ajaccio (1793), he renounced the priesthood and was named commissioner for the French army in Italy. once again a churchman,… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • FESCH, JOSEPH —    an eminent French ecclesiastic, born at Ajaccio, the half brother of Napoleon s mother; was educated for the Church, but, on the outbreak of the Revolution, joined the revolutionaries as a storekeeper; co operated with his illustrious nephew… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Joseph Fesch —     Joseph Fesch     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Joseph Fesch     Cardinal, b. at Ajaccio, Corsica, 3 January, 1763; d. at Rome, 13 May, 1839. He was the son of a captain of a Swiss regiment in the service of Genoa, studied at the seminary of Aix,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Joseph Fesch — Cardenal de la Iglesia Católica Ordenación 1787 por el Arzobispo Jean Marie Mioland Consagración episcopal 29 de Julio de 1802 por …   Wikipedia Español

  • FESCH (J.) — FESCH JOSEPH (1763 1830) Fils d’un militaire suisse venu chercher fortune en Corse, demi frère de Madame Mère, Fesch n’a que six ans de plus que son neveu Napoléon. Au début de la Révolution, il est déjà archidiacre et prévôt du chapitre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fesch — Fesch, Joseph, geb. 3. Jan. 1763 in Ajaccio, Sohn eines Schweizeroffiziers in genuesischen Diensten, [213] Franz F., u. der Wittwe von Ramolini, Mutter von Lätitia Bonaparte, Anfangs Geistlicher, dann französischer Kriegscommissär, wurde, als… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fesch — Fesch, Joseph, Kardinal, geb. 3. Jan. 1763 in Ajaccio auf Korsika, gest. 13. Mai 1839 in Rom, Sohn eines schweizer. Kapitäns in französischem Dienst, der 1757 die Witwe Ramolini, die Großmutter Napoleons I. mütterlicherseits, geheiratet hatte,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fesch — Fesch, Joseph, geb. 1763 zu Ajaccio, der Sohn eines aus Basel stammenden Offiziers u. Stiefbruder der Mutter Napoleons I., befand sich beim Ausbruche der Revolution im Seminar von Aix u. wurde Kriegskommissär bei der italien. Armee, später aber… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Joseph Fesch — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fesch. Joseph Fesch Biographie Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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