Ferdinand (I)

Ferdinand (I)

▪ emperor of Austria
also called  Ferdinand The Benign,  German  Ferdinand Der Gütige 
born April 19, 1793, Vienna, Austria
died June 29, 1875, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

      emperor of Austria from 1835 to 1848, when he abdicated his throne.

      Ferdinand was the eldest son of the Holy Roman emperor Francis II (later Francis I of Austria) and Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily. Despite Ferdinand's feeblemindedness and epilepsy, Francis, seeking to protect the principles of succession to the monarchy, insisted that Ferdinand be his heir. Ferdinand was crowned king of Hungary in 1830. On March 2, 1835, he succeeded to the throne of Austria. Because of the emperor's limited abilities, government affairs were controlled by a body of counselors, known as the “state conference,” in which the decisive influence was exercised by the chancellor Klemens, Prince von Metternich. In 1836 Ferdinand became the last Habsburg to be crowned king of Bohemia, and in 1838 he was crowned king of Lombardy and Venetia. During the Revolution of 1848 most of the insurgents' hostility was directed not against Ferdinand but against his counselors, who had rigidly refused any reforms. Nevertheless, Ferdinand abdicated in favour of his nephew, Francis Joseph, in Olmütz on Dec. 2, 1848.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ferdinand I. — Ferdinand hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ferdinand 1.1 Ferdinand I. 1.2 Ferdinand II. 1.3 Ferdinand III./... 2 Ferdinand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand II. — Ferdinand hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ferdinand 1.1 Ferdinand I. 1.2 Ferdinand II. 1.3 Ferdinand III./... 2 Ferdinand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand IV. — Ferdinand hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ferdinand 1.1 Ferdinand I. 1.2 Ferdinand II. 1.3 Ferdinand III./... 2 Ferdinand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand V. — Ferdinand hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ferdinand 1.1 Ferdinand I. 1.2 Ferdinand II. 1.3 Ferdinand III./... 2 Ferdinand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand — ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand [1] — Ferdinand, deutscher männlicher Vorname, wahrscheinlich eigentlich Fernand od. Werinand, der Waffenkühne. Merkwürdig sind I. Regierende Fürsten: A) Kaiser: a) Deutsche Kaiser u. Könige: 1) F. I., Sohn Philipps I. von Castilien, jüngerer Bruder… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ferdinand II — • Emperor, eldest son of Archduke Karl and the Bavarian Princess Maria, b. 1578; d. 15 February, 1637 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ferdinand II     Ferdinand II      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ferdinand I — Ferdinand Ier  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Ferdinand Ier dit le Grand ( 1016 1065), roi de Castille de 1035 à 1065 Ferdinand Ier (1345 1383), roi de Portugal et des Algarves de 1367 à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand — (span. Fernando, Hernando, althochd. Herinand, der »Heerkühne«), Name zahlreicher Fürsten und fürstlicher Personen. Übersicht nach den Ländern. Deutsche Kaiser 1–3. Anhalt 4. (Aragonien, s. Spanien 30.31.) Bayern 5. (Böhmen, s. Österreich 16.)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ferdinand I — may refer to:* Ferdinand I of León, the Great (ca. 1000 1065, king from 1037) * Ferdinand I of Portugal and the Algarves (1345 1383, king from 1367) * Ferdinand I of Aragon and Sicily, of Antequera (1379 1416, king from 1412) * Ferdinand II of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand VI — d Espagne Ferdinand VI Roi d Espagne …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”