Fabergé, Peter Carl

Fabergé, Peter Carl

▪ Russian jeweler
original name  Karl Gustavovich Fabergé  
born May 18, 1846, St. Petersburg, Russia
died Sept. 24, 1920, Lausanne, Switz.
 one of the greatest goldsmiths, jewelers, and designers in Western decorative arts.

      Of Huguenot descent, Fabergé was educated in Germany, Italy, France, and England. His father had by 1842 established himself in St. Petersburg as a jeweler, dealing also in fine decorative objects, a tradition Peter Carl continued after inheriting the family business in 1870. He began to manufacture decorative objects, later showing his works in Moscow's Pan-Russian Exhibition (1882). His reputation was swiftly established, and European royalty, particularly Russian, patronized him.

      Assisted by his sons and by associates headed by the Swiss artisan François Berbaum, Fabergé gained recognition as a brilliant designer, specializing in such precious and semiprecious materials as gold, silver, malachite, jade, lapis lazuli, and gems. He made a bold change from the exclusive design and manufacture of conventional jewelry to the creation of objects of fantasy. Much of his work was inspired by the decorative arts executed under King Louis XVI of France. Soon other independent workshops opened under his supervision at Moscow, Kiev, and London; outstanding among the artisans he hired was the master craftsman Michael Perchin.

      Fabergé's workshop soon became famous for exquisite and ingenious masterpieces: flowers, figure groups, bibelots, animals, and, above all, the celebrated imperial Easter eggs, which became the delight of Russian and other royalty throughout Europe and Asia. Emperor Alexander III commissioned the first of the eggs for his tsaritsa in 1884, and Alexander's successor, Nicholas II, continued the tradition. Fabergé's studios created outstanding works of imaginative delicacy until the Russian Revolution of 1917; then his world ended, for the new government would not tolerate any object of luxury, and he died in exile.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Fabergé,Peter Carl — Fa·ber·gé (făb ər zhāʹ), Peter Carl. 1846 1920. Russian goldsmith and jeweler who created ornate gifts, notably a series of jeweled and enameled Easter eggs for European royalty. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fabergé, (Peter) Carl — orig. Karl Gustavovich Fabergé (18 may. 1846, San Petersburgo, Rusia–24 sep. 1920, Lausanne, Suiza). Orfebre, joyero y diseñador ruso. Educado en Europa e Inglaterra, en 1870 se hizo cargo del negocio de joyería de su padre en San Petersburgo.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fabergé, (Peter) Carl — orig. Karl Gustavovich Fabergé born May 18, 1846, St. Petersburg, Russia died Sept. 24, 1920, Lausanne, Switz. Russian goldsmith, jeweler, and designer. Educated in Europe and England, he took over his father s jewelry business in St. Petersburg… …   Universalium

  • Peter Carl Fabergé — Peter Karl Fabergé Peter Karl Fabergé also known as Karl Gustavovich Fabergé in Russia (Russian: Карл Густавович Фаберже, May 30, 1846 – September 24, 1920) was a Russian jeweller of Baltic German Danish and French origin, best known for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Carl Fabergé — „Erinnerung an Asow Ei“, 1891 „Uhr Ei“ auch „Madonna Lilien Ei“ oder „Lilien Uhr Ei“, 1899 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Carl Faberge — noun Russian goldsmith noted for creating a series of jeweled and enameled Easter eggs for European royalty (1846 1920) • Syn: ↑Faberge • Instance Hypernyms: ↑goldsmith, ↑goldworker, ↑gold worker …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fabergé — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fabergé se puede referir a: Gustav Fabergé; Peter Carl Fabergé, joyero; Huevos de Fabergé, sus trabajos más famosos. Obtenido de Faberg%C3%A9 Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • carl — carlish, adj. carlishness, n. /kahrl/, n. 1. Scot. a. a strong, robust fellow, esp. a strong manual laborer. b. a miser; an extremely thrifty person. 2. Archaic. a churl. 3. Obs. a bondman. Also, carle. [bef. 1000 (in compounds; see HOUSECARL);… …   Universalium

  • Carl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Andre Carl Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel Carl XVI Gustaf Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Correns Carl Erich Cuno Wilhelm Carl Josef Ditters …   Universalium

  • Carl — ► (1895 1982) Compositor, director de orquesta y profesor alemán. Obras: Carmina Burana (1937), Catulli Carmina, El triunfo de Afrodita (1951) y Comoedia de Christi resurrectione (1955). * * * (as used in expressions) Andre, Carl Bach, Carl… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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