▪ Orthodox abbot

born c. 375
died 454

      revered archimandrite, or monastic superior, in the Eastern Church, at Constantinople, who is regarded as the founder of Eutychianism, an extreme form of the Monophysite heresy that emphasizes the exclusive prevalence of the divinity in Christ.

      Reared in the Christological doctrine of the Alexandrian school under the influence of Patriarch St. Cyril (died 444), Eutyches, in professing one nature in Christ, reflected the Eastern monastic view of Christ and staunchly opposed the rival Antioch school, which espoused the heterodox doctrine of Nestorius, who was named patriarch in Constantinople in 428. The Nestorian doctrine maintained that Christ had two natures: as the son of God, divine; as the son of Mary, human. Thus, it also held that the Virgin was not the mother of God.

      Eutyches' opposition to the Nestorians led Bishop Eusebius of Dorylaeum in Asia Minor to proclaim his doctrine heretical (448). Eutyches then was summoned by Flavian, who had become patriarch of Constantinople and who was an opponent of Monophysitism, to a meeting of the standing synod of Constantinople in November 448. There, refusing to discuss Christ's natures, Eutyches declared that his was the faith of the Fathers at the Council of Nicaea (325), which focussed primarily, however, on Christ's divinity and equality in the Trinity, rather than on Christ's nature. Eutyches' repeated affirmation, “two natures before, one after the incarnation,” was his own formula and was a specific expression of the Monophysitic doctrine that, in the incarnation, Christ's human nature was deified and subsumed into a single essence. Hence, he concluded that Christ's humanity was distinct from that of other men, which some scholars propose was the real formulation of Monophysitism. Eutyches' position was considered to be theologically unsophisticated, and the synod deposed and excommunicated him.

      Flavian then reported Eutyches' heresy to Pope St. Leo I the Great, who on June 13, 449, issued his celebrated Tome condemning Eutychianism. Eutyches appealed to Patriarch Dioscorus of Alexandria, who supported his Christological doctrines and persuaded the Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II to summon a general council to meet at Ephesus (Ephesus, councils of) the following August. The council, later called the Robber Synod and never recognized by Eastern Orthodox and Western churchmen, reinstated Eutyches and deposed Flavian, Eusebius, and other defenders of the two-nature doctrine.

      In 450, Emperor Theodosius II was succeeded by Marcian, who convened the Council of Chalcedon in 451; it banished Eutyches, condemned his heresy, and established a centrist doctrine that came to serve as the touchstone of Christian orthodoxy in East and West. The Council held that Christ had two perfect and indivisible, but distinct, natures: one human and one divine. Thereafter, Eutyches disappeared, but his influence nevertheless grew as Monophysitism spread throughout the East.

      The subsequent history of Monophysite doctrine in the Eastern Church is the history of national and independent churches (e.g., the Syrian Jacobites) that, either for reasons of reverence for some religious leader or as a reaction against the dominance of the Byzantine or Roman churches, retained a separate existence.

      The text of Eutyches' trial and related correspondence appear in E. Schwartz's monograph Der Prozess des Eutyches (1929; “The Trial of Eutyches”). Reference to his trial is in R.V. Sellers' The Council of Chalcedon (1953).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eutyches — • An heresiarch of the fifth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eutyches     Eutyches     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Eutyches — ( c. 380 c. 456) was a presbyter and archimandrite at Constantinople. He first came to notice in 431 at the council of Ephesus, for his vehement opposition to the teachings of Nestorius; his condemnation of Nestorianism as heresy precipitated his …   Wikipedia

  • EUTYCHÈS — ou EUTUKHÈS (370 env. apr. 454) Moine de Constantinople, condamné comme hérétique et mort en exil, Eutychès se veut adversaire du nestorianisme condamné à Éphèse en 431 et il défend la théologie alexandrine de Cyrille, qui insiste sur la réalité… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eutyches — (* um 378 in Konstantinopel; † nach 454) war der Begründer des Monophysitismus. In einem übereifrigen Antinestorianismus griff Eutyches die Formel von der „einen Physis des fleischgewordenen Logos“ wieder auf. Er sagte, dass die Menschheit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eutyches — Eutyches, 1) Archimandrit eines Klosters in Constantinopel, Gegner des Nestorius, behauptete, daß alles Menschliche im göttlichen Wesen Christi aufgegangen u. mit demselben zu einer Natur geworden sei; er wurde deshalb bei dem Bischof Flavianus… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eutyches — Eutyches, s. Eutychianischer Streit …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eutyches — Eutyches, Abt eines Klosters bei Constantinopel, wurde 70jährig als Gegner des Nestorius zum Häretiker, indem er lehrte: »Bei Christus sei nach der Geburt die menschliche Natur ganz in die göttliche aufgegangen, letztere habe für uns gelitten und …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Eutyches — Eutyches,   Archimandrit eines Klosters in der Nähe von Konstantinopel, * Konstantinopel um 378, ✝ nach 454; Gegner des Nestorius; behauptete unter Berufung auf Kyrill von Alexandria, dass Christus nach der Fleischwerdung nur noch eine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • EUTYCHES — CP. Abbas, contra Nestorium pugnans, in novam haeresin impegit, et tertius post Manetem et Apollinarem, alium affirmavit esse Christum, aliud verbum Dei; Negavitqueve Christi carnem nostrae similem, nec duas in eodem supposito naturas esse, sed… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Eutychès — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Eutychius. Eutychès ou Eutukhès, mort vers 454, était une personnalité du christianisme ancien. Farouchement opposé au nestorianisme, proche de Chrysaphios, l influent eunuque de Théodose II, sa doctrine s… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”