Euler, Ulf von

Euler, Ulf von

▪ Swedish physiologist
in full  Ulf Svante von Euler-Chelpin  
born Feb. 7, 1905, Stockholm, Sweden
died March 9, 1983, Stockholm

      Swedish physiologist who, with British biophysicist Sir Bernard Katz and American biochemist Julius Axelrod, received the 1970 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. All three were honoured for their independent study of the mechanics of nerve impulses.

      Euler was the son of 1929 Nobel laureate Hans von Euler-Chelpin. After his graduation from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Euler served on the faculty of the institute from 1930 to 1971. He joined the Nobel Committee for Physiology and Medicine in 1953 and was president of the Nobel Foundation for 10 years (1966–75).

      Euler's outstanding achievement was his identification of noradrenaline (norepinephrine), the key neurotransmitter (or impulse carrier) in the sympathetic nervous system. He also found that norepinephrine is stored within nerve fibres themselves. These discoveries laid the foundation for Axelrod's determination of the role of the enzyme that inhibits its action, and the method of norepinephrine's reabsorption by nerve tissues. Euler also discovered the hormones known as prostaglandins (prostaglandin), which play active roles in stimulating human muscle contraction and in the regulation of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Euler, Ulf von — ► (1905 86) Fisiólogo sueco. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1970, compartido con J. Axelrod y B. Katz, por sus trabajos sobre los efectos de la noradrenalina en el sistema nervioso …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ulf von Euler — Ulf Svante von Euler Pour les articles homonymes, voir Euler (homonymie). Ulf Svante von Euler Ulf Svante von Euler est un neurophysiologiste suedois, né le 7 février 1905 et mort …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ulf von Euler — Ulf Svante von Euler Chelpin (* 7. Februar 1905 in Stockholm, Schweden; † 9. März 1983 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Physiologe und Neurochemiker. Er isolierte und beschrieb 1935 unabhängig von M.W. Goldblatt,[1] die Prostaglandine zum ersten Mal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Euler,Ulf Svante von — Euler, Ulf Svante von. 1905 1983. Swedish physiologist. He shared a 1970 Nobel Prize for studies of nerve impulse transmission. * * * …   Universalium

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  • Ulf von Euler — Ulf Svante von Euler (Estocolmo, Suecia, 7 de febrero de 1905 íd. 8 de marzo de 1983) fue un médico, farmacólogo y profesor universitario sueco galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina del año 1970. Biografía Era hijo del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • von Euler , Ulf Svante — (1905–1983) Swedish physiologist Von Euler was the son of Karl von Euler Chelpin, Nobel Prize winner in 1929. He was born in the Swedish capital of Stockholm and educated at the Karolinska Institute, where he obtained his MD in 1930. He taught… …   Scientists

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