Eldridge, Roy

Eldridge, Roy

▪ American musician
byname  Little Jazz  
born Jan. 30, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.
died Feb. 26, 1989, Valley Stream, N.Y.
 American trumpeter, one of the great creative musicians of the 1930s.

      A child prodigy, Eldridge began his professional career in 1917 when, on New Year's Eve, he played the drums in his elder brother's band. He went to New York City in 1930 and played in the trumpet sections of bands led by Cecil Scott, Elmer Snowden, and Teddy Hill. His style was influenced by that of saxophonist Coleman Hawkins (Hawkins, Coleman). By the time he was playing with Hill at the Savoy Ballroom in New York City's Harlem, in 1935, Eldridge was developing into an improviser of magnificent power and invention. The following year he joined the Fletcher Henderson (Henderson, Fletcher) orchestra, then in its last days, and his recordings from that period show him to be one of the great creative musicians of the decade. He also appears on a few of the historic small-group recordings with the singer Billie Holiday (Holiday, Billie), and from time to time he had bands of his own.

      Eldridge's fame suddenly flowered in 1941 when he joined Gene Krupa's band, and it was further increased in 1944 when he joined Artie Shaw. Later, he toured with Jazz at the Philharmonic and other jazz concert groups all over the world, retiring in 1980. Stylistically he became one of the key figures of jazz trumpet playing, representing a link between the classical style of Louis Armstrong (Armstrong, Louis) and the fierce departures of Dizzy Gillespie (Gillespie, Dizzy), who testified to Eldridge's influence upon him.

      Eldridge broke away from the traditional conception involving figures that were most natural to the trumpet (arpeggiated lines and sustained tones) and generated a technically difficult approach resembling jazz saxophone improvisation: very fast, scalelike passages. In addition, he incorporated harmonically unorthodox choices of notes and leaps into the high register (he loved to hear a note squeal and crack), which provided the basis for Dizzy Gillespie's enormously influential modern jazz trumpet style.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Eldridge,Roy David — El·dridge (ĕlʹdrĭj), Roy David. Known as “Little Jazz.” 1911 1989. American jazz musician who played trumpet with several swing bands in the 1940s and 1950s, including those of Artie Shaw and Benny Goodman. * * * …   Universalium

  • Eldridge, Roy — detto Little Jazz …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Roy Eldridge — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roy Eldridge Información personal Nombre real Roy David Eldridge …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roy Eldridge — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Eldridge. Roy Eldridge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roy Eldridge — David Roy „Little Jazz“ Eldridge (* 30. Januar 1911 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; † 26. Februar 1989 in Valley Stream, New York) war einer der bedeutendsten amerikanischen Jazztrompeter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ELDRIDGE (R.) — Roy ELDRIDGE 1911 1989 On passe toujours trop vite sur ces musiciens qui ne sont dits de transition que pour excuser l’attention distraite que l’on porte à leur talent. Que Roy Eldridge ait été l’indispensable maillon qui relie Louis Armstrong à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Roy Eldridge 4 — Montreux 77 Album par Roy Eldridge Sortie 1977 Producteur Norman Granz Label Pablo Records Roy Eldridge 4 Montreux 77 est un album en public de Roy Eldridge en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eldridge — may refer to:People*David Eldridge (d. 1797), the earliest known white person to die in the Western Reserve (Ohio), and the first person buried in Cleveland *Jamie Eldridge, Massachusetts state representative *John Eldridge, Jr., a hero of World… …   Wikipedia

  • Eldridge — ist der Nachname von Roy Eldridge Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Eldridge (Alabama) Eldridge (Florida) Eldridge (Illinois) Eldridge (Iowa) Eldridge (Kalifornien) Eldridge (Kentucky) Eldridge (Mississippi) Eldridge (Missouri) Eldridge (North… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eldridge — (David Roy, dit Roy) (1911 1989) trompettiste, chanteur et chef d orchestre de jazz américain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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