Eldad ben Mahli ha-Dani

Eldad ben Mahli ha-Dani

▪ Jewish traveller and philologist
English  Eldad the Danite 
flourished 9th century

      Jewish traveller and philologist who was generally credited with the authorship of a fanciful geographical narrative that exerted an enduring influence throughout the Middle Ages. This possibly gave rise to the legend of Prester John, the mighty Oriental priest-potentate of fabulous wealth and power.

      Probably originally from southern Arabia, Eldad visited Mesopotamia, Egypt, North Africa, and Spain and caused a stir by his account of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. He himself claimed to be a descendant of the Danites, who, together with the tribes of Naphtali, Asher, and Gad, were said to have established a Jewish kingdom in Cush (Kush), variously interpreted as Ethiopia or, roughly, present-day Sudan. His veracity was challenged largely because the ritual prescriptions he described diverged from those of the Talmud, the rabbinical compendium of law, lore, and commentary. His Hebrew narrative, Sefer Eldad, established his reputation as a philologist whom leading medieval Jewish grammarians and lexicographers quoted as an authority on linguistic difficulties. It appeared in several languages and in widely deviating versions. The first edition was published at the Italian city of Mantua in 1480.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eldad ha-Dani — ou Eldad HaDani (en hébreu: אלדד הדני) ou encore Eldad ben Mahli ha Dani est un marchand voyageur du neuvième siècle. Il prétend avoir été citoyen d un état juif indépendant situé à l est de l Afrique, habité par des gens se déclarant descendants …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eldad ha-Dani — or Eldad HaDani or Eldad ben Mahli ha Dani ( he. אלדד הדני) was an Ethiopian merchant and traveler of the ninth century. He professed to have been a citizen of an independent Jewish state in eastern Africa, probably in the Gihon region, inhabited …   Wikipedia

  • Eldad ha-Dani — Eldad ha Dani, dt. Eldad der Daniter, (spätes 9. Jahrhundert) war ein jüdischer Weltreisender und Händler, der um 880 in Nordafrika und Spanien auftrat. Herkunft und Leben von Eldat liegt weitgehend im Dunkeln. Gemäß seinem Namen gehörte er dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hebrew literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Hebrew language and distinct from Jewish literature, which also exists in other languages.       Literature in Hebrew has been produced uninterruptedly from the early 12th century BC,… …   Universalium

  • SHEḤITAH — (Heb. שְׁחִיטָה), the Jewish method of slaughtering permitted animals or birds for food. The underlying principle of the procedure is to kill the animal in the swiftest and most painless way possible by cutting horizontally across the throat,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”