▪ Byzantine law
      (from Greek eklogē, “selection”), compilation of Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) law issued in 726 by Emperor Leo III the Isaurian in his name and that of his son Constantine. It is the most important Byzantine legal work following the 6th-century Code of Justinian.

      Leo issued the law code in Greek (Greek language) instead of the traditional Latin, so that it could be understood by more people and utilized by judges as a practical legal manual. Though the Ecloga continued to be based on Roman law, Leo revised it in the spirit of “greater humanity” and on the basis of Christian principles.

      In civil law the rights of women and children were enhanced at the expense of those of the father, whose power was sharply curtailed. In criminal law the application of capital punishment was restricted to cases involving treason, desertion from the military, and certain types of homicide, heresy, and slander. The code eliminated the death penalty for many crimes previously considered capital offenses, often substituting mutilation. Equal punishment was prescribed for individuals of all social classes. In an attempt to eliminate bribery and favouritism, the code provided salaries for officials in judicial service and forbade the acceptance of gifts.

      The Ecloga had a strong influence on later Byzantine legislation as well as on the development of law in the Slavic countries beyond the Byzantine frontiers.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ecloga — v. egloga …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • ecloga — ит. [экло/га] eclogue фр. [экло/г] eclogue англ. [эклог] эклога, пастушеская песня; то же, что egloga, eglogue …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • écloga — s. f. 1. Diálogo pastoril em verso. 2. Égloga …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • écloga — f. desus. égloga …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Ecloga — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Ecloga (en grec « choix, sélection, florilège ») est le titre de plusieurs œuvres : l’Ecloga de Léon III (726 ou 740), un code de lois… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ecloga —    A legal handbook issued by Leo III (q.v.) in 741. It was intended as an abridged and updated substitute for the Corpus Juris Civilis (q.v.), which was outdated, and incomprehensible to those unacquainted with Latin. It also intended to… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Ecloga Theoduli — Ecloga Theoduli,   allegorisches lateinisches Streitgedicht vielleicht des 10. Jahrhunderts (überliefert seit dem 11. Jahrhundert), das einen Streit zwischen dem Hirten Pseustis (»Lügner«) und der Hirtin Alithia (»Wahrheit«) über die griechischen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ecloga (Byzance) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ecloga. L’Ecloga (du grec ancien ἐκλογή, « choix, sélection ») est un code de lois promulgué en 726 (ou en 740) par l empereur byzantin Léon III, associé à son fils Constantin V, destiné à remplacer le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ecloga (poème) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ecloga. L’Ecloga est un poème en latin de 344 hexamètres léonins publié au Xe siècle sous le pseudonyme de « Théodule ». Inspiré des églogues de Virgile, il consiste en un dialogue entre la bergère …   Wikipédia en Français

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