Earp, Wyatt

Earp, Wyatt

▪ American frontiersman
born March 19, 1848, Monmouth, Ill., U.S.
died Jan. 13, 1929, Los Angeles, Calif.

      legendary frontiersman of the American West, who was an itinerant saloonkeeper, gambler, lawman, gunslinger, and confidence man. The first major biography, Stuart N. Lake's Wyatt Earp, Frontier Marshal (1931), written with Earp's collaboration, established the rather fictionalized portrait of a fearless lawman.

      Earp and his four brothers—James C. (1841–1926), Virgil W. (1843–1906), Morgan (1851–82), and Warren B. (1855–1900)—spent their early lives in Illinois and Iowa but, toward the end of the American Civil War (1864), moved with their parents to San Bernardino, Calif. In 1868 the family moved back to Illinois, Wyatt and Virgil working on a Union Pacific Railroad crew on the way home. After the Earps moved to Lamar, Mo., Wyatt married in 1870 and was elected local constable, but upon his wife's death of typhoid, he took off, drifting from Indian Territory to various towns in Kansas. He worked as a police officer in Wichita (1875–76) and Dodge City (1876-77), went off to the gold rush in the Black Hills (1877–78), and returned to Dodge City as assistant marshal (1878–79), where he became noted as both lawman and gambler and where he befriended such gunmen as Doc Holliday and Bat Masterson.

      Leaving Dodge City with his second wife, he went to New Mexico and then California, working for a time as a Wells Fargo guard, and ended up in 1878 in the Wild West town of Tombstone, Ariz. Most of the Earp family had congregated there, buying real estate and businesses; Wyatt became a gambler and guard in the Oriental Saloon, and his brother Virgil became town marshal.

      By 1881 a feud had developed between the Earps and a gang led by Ike Clanton. The feud was resolved in the celebrated gunfight at the O.K. Corral (Oct. 26, 1881), pitting the Clanton gang against three Earp brothers (Virgil, Wyatt, and Morgan) and Doc Holliday. Three of the Clanton gang were killed, but Ike and another member escaped. The townspeople then discharged Virgil Earp, on suspicion that the gunning was murder rather than crime fighting.

      In March 1882 Morgan Earp was killed by unknown assassins, and Wyatt, his brother Warren, and some friends subsequently killed at least two suspects. Wyatt was accused of murder, and he fled, moving first to Colorado, then to several boomtowns in the West, and eventually to California. He settled there, where he supported himself variously by police work, gambling, mining, and real-estate deals.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Earp,Wyatt — Earp (ûrp), Wyatt. 1848 1929. American frontier law officer involved in the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona (1881). * * * …   Universalium

  • EARP, Wyatt — (1848–1929)    Legend and numerous films detailing Wyatt Earp’s exploits usually contain the following elements: Earp was a tough lawman who tamed Dodge City with the help of his brothers, Virgil and Morgan, as well as famous deputy Bat Masterson …   Westerns in Cinema

  • Earp, Wyatt (Berry Stapp) — born March 19, 1848, Monmouth, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 13, 1929, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. frontiersman. He worked in the 1870s as a police officer in Wichita and Dodge City, Kan., where he befriended the gunmen Doc Holliday and Bat Masterson. He… …   Universalium

  • Earp, Wyatt (Berry Stapp) — (19 mar. 1848, Monmouth, Ill., EE.UU.–13 ene. 1929, Los Ángeles, Cal.). Colonizador estadounidense. En la década de 1870 fue policía en Wichita y en Dodge City, Kan., donde trabó amistad con los pistoleros Doc Holliday y Bat Masterson. Más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wyatt Earp — um 1881 Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (* 19. März 1848 in Monmouth, Illinois; † 13. Januar 1929 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Revolverheld, der in seinem Leben auch als Farmer, Transporteur, Büffeljäger, Gesetzeshüter in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wyatt Earp (película) — Wyatt Earp Título Wyatt Earp Ficha técnica Dirección Lawrence Kasdan Producción Kevin Costner, Dan Gordon, Michael Grillo, Lawrence Kasdan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wyatt Earp — [Wyatt Earp] (1848–1929) a US law officer in the ↑Wild West, first in Wichita and then in ↑Dodge City. He is best remembered for being involved in the gun fight at the ↑OK Corral in Tombstone in 1881. The story of this and of Earp’s li …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wyatt Earp — Infobox person name = Wyatt Earp imagesize = 210px caption = Wyatt Earp at about age 21, photo about 1869 birth date = birth date|1848|3|19 birth place = Monmouth, Illinois, U.S.A. death date = death date and age|1929|1|13|1848|3|19 death place …   Wikipedia

  • Wyatt Earp (film) — Infobox Film name = Wyatt Earp image size = caption = Theatrical release poster director = Lawrence Kasdan producer = Kevin Costner writer = Dan Gordon, Lawrence Kasdan narrator = starring = Kevin Costner, Dennis Quaid, Gene Hackman, David… …   Wikipedia

  • Wyatt Earp — Este artículo trata sobre sobre el marshal. Para la película, véase Wyatt Earp (película). Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp …   Wikipedia Español

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