Dwiggins, William Addison

Dwiggins, William Addison

▪ American artist
born June 19, 1880, Martinsville, Ohio, U.S.
died Dec. 25, 1956, Hingham, Mass.

      American typographer, book designer, puppeteer, illustrator, and calligrapher, who designed four of the most widely used Linotype faces in the United States and Great Britain: Caledonia, Electra, Eldorado, and Metro.

      After studying with Frederic Goudy in Chicago, Dwiggins moved in 1906 to Hingham, Mass., where he earned his living doing advertising and lettering. He served as acting director of Harvard University Press in 1917–18 and then turned to book design. He was associated in various capacities with the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, Yale University Press, and the publishing firm of Alfred A. Knopf, whose house style he helped to establish. Each of the hundreds of books he designed carried a brief colophon on the history of the type employed; there was an attempt to use contemporary typographic decoration; and the bindings, using designs made of repeated decorative units like early printers' fleurons, were extremely popular.

      Dwiggins also designed many deluxe editions for George Macy's Limited Editions Club, illustrated a number of works, and wrote such books as Layout in Advertising (1928), Marionette in Motion (1939), and Millennium 1 (1945).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • William Addison Dwiggins — (June 19 1880 Martinsville, Ohio December 25 1956 Hingham, Massachusetts ) was a U.S. type designer, calligrapher, and book designer. He attained prominence as an illustrator and commercial artist, and he brought to the designing of type and… …   Wikipedia

  • Dwiggins — biographical name William Addison 1880 1956 American type designer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • typography — /tuy pog reuh fee/, n. 1. the art or process of printing with type. 2. the work of setting and arranging types and of printing from them. 3. the general character or appearance of printed matter. [1635 45; < NL typographia, equiv. to Gk týpo(s)… …   Universalium

  • calligraphy — calligrapher, calligraphist, n. calligraphic /kal i graf ik/, calligraphical, adj. calligraphically, adv. /keuh lig reuh fee/, n. 1. fancy penmanship, esp. highly decorative handwriting, as with a great many flourishes: She appreciated the… …   Universalium

  • graphic design — the art or profession of visual communication that combines images, words, and ideas to convey information to an audience, esp. to produce a specific effect. * * * The art and profession of selecting and arranging visual elements such as… …   Universalium

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