Douglas, James Douglas, 9th earl of

Douglas, James Douglas, 9th earl of

▪ Scottish leader
born 1426
died July 14, 1488, Lindores Abbey, Fife, Scot.

      last of the first line of the earls of Douglas, caught in the internal wars of Scotland and the intrigues with the English.

      He at first attempted to avenge the murder of his brother, the 8th earl; but, deserted by his allies, he was obliged to submit to King James II (August 1452). To keep the family estates together, he obtained a dispensation to marry his brother's widow, Margaret, the “Fair Maid of Galloway.”

      He openly accused the King of the murder of his brother (1454) and led 40,000 men against him. Meanwhile another branch of the family, known as the Red Douglases, had risen to importance and supported the King against their chief. Douglas, again deserted by his allies, fled to England; he was attainted (June 1455) and his wife divorced him. The lordship of Douglas was granted to the Earl of Angus.

      Douglas, who had long intrigued with the Yorkist faction in England, was favoured by Edward IV of England, who sent him (1461) to make a treaty with John, earl of Ross and lord of the Isles, against the Scottish king, who had given asylum to the fugitive English king Henry VI. Douglas was captured while raiding southern Scotland (1484) and relegated to Lindores Abbey, Fife, where he died four years later.

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