town, southern Turkey, at the head of the Gulf of Iskenderun. The town's importance lies in its function as a terminal where Mediterranean tankers can be loaded with oil transported from the petroleum fields of western Asia. A pipeline, 40 inches (100 cm) in diameter and about 600 miles (1,000 km) in length, carries oil to the seaport from the Kirkūk oil fields of Iraq. When the pipeline opened in the spring of 1977, it carried 200,000 barrels of crude oil per day. Early in 1978 it was shut down because of a Turkish-Iraqi disagreement over payments for the oil, and, though it was later reopened, it still operated well below capacity. Some 300 miles (500 km) of pipeline also connect the port with the petroleum fields of Batman in southeastern Turkey, east of Diyarbakır. In the Dörtyol hinterland are forests, cotton fields, and citrus orchards. Pop. (2000) 53,597.

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Universalium. 2010.

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