▪ American music groupAmerican new-wave (new wave) band from Akron, Ohio, that took its name from devolution, the theory of mankind's regression that informed the band's music and stage act. The band members were Mark Mothersbaugh, Jerry Casale, Bob Mothersbaugh, Bob Casale, and Alan Myers. (Biographical information on the group's members was withheld by Devo to reinforce its mechanistic image.)Formed in 1972 by art students Mark Mothersbaugh and Jerry Casale (their musician brothers later joined the band), Devo adopted a man-as-machine persona—complete with flowerpot headgear, matching industrial jumpsuits, robotic movements, and a heavy mechanical sound (including pioneering use of a drum machine invented by Bob Mothersbaugh)—to convey the dehumanizing effect of modern technology. Original videos (music video) of disturbing images were shown during concerts to underscore their philosophy. Following the success of their first single, “Jocko Homo” (1976), Devo released their debut album, Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! (1978), to critical success. Produced by Brian Eno (Eno, Brian), it was considered their best record, featuring a techno-danceable beat and including a staccato cover version of the Rolling Stones (Rolling Stones, the)' “(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction.” Following their hit single “Whip It” (1980), however, the band's popularity declined, though they continued to influence other performers.
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