Desnos, Robert

Desnos, Robert

▪ French poet

born July 4, 1900, Paris
died June 8, 1945, Terezín, Czech.

      French poet who joined André Breton in the early Surrealist movement, soon becoming one of its most valuable members because of his ability to fall into a hypnotic trance, under which he could recite his dreams, write, and draw. Texts from this period appeared in the Surrealist review Littérature and in his book La Liberté ou l'amour! (1927; “Liberty or Love!”). Humour, tenderness, and eroticism pervade his works, in which acrobatic verbal techniques never detract from the spontaneity of the inspiration. Dreams and reality merge in freely associated images in Corps et biens (1930; “Bodies and Goods”). In 1930 he broke from the doctrinaire Surrealist rigidity of Breton and for a decade wrote motion-picture and radio scripts, including the highly successful Complainte de Fantomas (1933; “Fantomas' Lament”).

      Desnos later abandoned the eccentric experiments in Surrealistic verse for more traditional and classical forms that made it easier to express his humanitarian sympathies aroused by World War II. His works of this period include Fortunes (1942), État de veille (1943; “The Wakeful State”), and Contrée (1944; “Country”). Arrested for his activity in the Resistance, he was deported and died of typhus shortly after his camp was liberated. A collection including both his early Surrealist poems and later works, Domaine public (“Public Domain”), appeared in 1953. The Selected Poems of Robert Desnos was published in 1991.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Desnos, Robert — (7/4/1900 Paris 6/8/1945 Theresienstadt) (France)    Painter, draughtsman, poet, and writer. A Surrealist associated with Max Ernst.    Reproductions: L Oiseau Jacob; 1929; Neret, 2000: pp. 602 605 .    Source: Benezit, vol. 4: pp. 793 794 …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Desnos, Robert — (1900 54)    French poet. Born into a Parisian Jewish bourgeois family, he caused a scandal with two works: De L Erotisme Considere dan ses Manifestations Ecrites and La Liberte ou I Amour. Later he pursued a career in journalism and radio… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Robert Desnos — (4 July 1900 8 June 1945), was a French surrealist poet who played a key role in the surrealistic movement of his day. Biography Robert Desnos was a son of a café owner. He was born in Paris on 4 July 1900. Desnos attended commercial college, and …   Wikipedia

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  • Desnos — (Robert) (1900 1945) poète français. Surréaliste (1922 1930), il revint ensuite à des formes plus traditionnelles. Il mourut en déportation …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Desnos — Desnos,   Robert, französischer Schriftsteller, * Paris 4. 7. 1900, ✝ Theresienstadt 8. 6. 1945; Mitglied der Résistance, nach Theresienstadt deportiert, wo er kurz nach der Befreiung starb. Einer der frühen, konsequentesten Vertreter des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Robert Desnos — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Desnos. Robert Desnos Robert Desnos en 1924 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DESNOS (R.) — Le surréalisme est un curieux mouvement littéraire: tous les grands écrivains qui en ont fait partie se sont réalisés après l’avoir quitté. Il semble ainsi que la notion de «grand écrivain surréaliste» ne corresponde à aucune réalité. Encore faut …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robert Desnos — 1924 Robert Desnos (* 4. Juli 1900 in Paris; † 8. Juni 1945 in Theresienstadt) war ein französischer Schriftsteller und Journalist. Beeinflusst insbesondere von Nerval und Baudelaire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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