chief town of the fertile southern Riverina region, south-central New South Wales, Australia, on the Edward River (a branch of the Murray), 22 miles (35 km) from the Victoria border. Established in 1845 by Benjamin Boyd as a personal holding, it was made a town in 1848 under the name Sandhills. Two years later it was officially gazetted as Deniliquin, a corruption of the name of a local Aboriginal chief. It became a busy crossing point for livestock and was declared a municipality in 1868. It is now the commercial and administrative centre for various irrigation districts. The region is well known as merino sheep stud country and also supports beef cattle, lambs, rice, fruits, tobacco, and grains. The town's products include butter, cheese, cordials, processed seed, brick and plaster, fabricated iron and steel, and timber. Deniliquin lies at the junction of the Riverina and Cobb highways; it is also the terminus of a rail line from Echuca and is connected by air to Sydney (374 miles [602 km] northeast) and Melbourne. Pop. (2006) local government area, 7,431.
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