Deakin, Alfred

Deakin, Alfred

▪ prime minister of Australia
born Aug. 3, 1856, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
died Oct. 7, 1919, Melbourne
 prime minister of Australia (1903–04, 1905–08, 1909–10), who shaped many of the policies of the new commonwealth, especially those dealing with restriction of nonwhite immigration, social welfare, and protection of domestic industry.

      In 1880 Deakin entered the legislative assembly in Victoria, where he served for the next 20 years. He sponsored an important irrigation bill in 1886 and acts protecting factory workers in 1885 and 1896. A leader in the federation movement, he attended the conferences of 1891 and 1897–98 that drafted the constitution bill making Australia a commonwealth. He then went to England in 1900 to guide the bill through Parliament.

      Deakin became prime minister in 1903, after serving as attorney general under Sir Edmund Barton (1901–03). A leader of the Liberal Party, he formed a coalition with the Labor Party in his first two terms but joined with the conservatives in his third term, an unpopular move that quickly led to electoral defeat. His plans for an independent Australian navy were carried out by his successors. His ideas on consolidating relations with Britain were influential in the first decades of the Australian commonwealth. The Federal Story, his reflections on the struggle to federate Australia, was published posthumously in 1944.

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  • DEAKIN, Alfred (1856-1919) — statesman was born at Fitzroy, a suburb of Melbourne, on 3 August 1856, the only son of William Deakin, accountant, and his wife Sarah Bill, daughter of a Shropshire farmer. William Deakin was born in Northamptonshire in 1819, and came to… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Alfred Deakin — (3 août 1856 7 octobre 1919), était un intellectuel australien et fut le deuxième premier ministre de l Australie. Dans le dernier quart du XIXesiècle, Deakin fut un des principaux contributeurs aux réformes libérales dans la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Deakin — (* 3. August 1856 in Fitzroy, Victoria, Australien; † 7. Oktober 1919 in South Yarra, Victoria) war ein Politiker der Protectionist Party und dreimaliger Premierminister Australiens. Inhal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Alfred Deakin — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = The Honourable name=Alfred Deakin upright order=2nd Prime Minister of Australia Elections: 1903, 1906, 1910 term start =24 September 1903 term end =27 April 1904 term start2 =5 July 1905 term end2 =13… …   Wikipedia

  • Deakin University — Established 1974 Type Public Chancellor David Morgan …   Wikipedia

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  • Deakin — Alfred Deakin was the 2nd Prime Minister of Australia. Deakin may refer to: University Deakin University, Victoria, Australia Places Deakin, Australian Capital Territory, suburb of Canberra, Australia Division of Deakin, Australian Electoral… …   Wikipedia

  • Deakin (surname) — Deakin is a surname, and may refer to: Alex Deakin (born 1974), British weatherman Alfred Deakin (1856 1919), 2nd Prime Minister of Australia Arthur Deakin (1890 1955), British trade unionist Fred Deakin, British musician with Lemon Jelly James… …   Wikipedia

  • Deakin — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alfred Deakin (1856–1919), australischer Politiker und Premierminister Hilton Forrest Deakin (* 1932), emeritierter Weihbischof in Melbourne Joe Deakin (1879–1972), britischer Mittel und Langstreckenläufer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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