Daba Mountains

Daba Mountains

▪ mountains, China
Chinese (Pinyin)  Daba Shan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Ta-pa Shan 

      broadly defined, mountain range of central China that is located along the border between Shaanxi (Shensi) province to the north and Sichuan province and Chongqing (Chungking) municipality to the south and that also extends northwest and southeast into Gansu and Hubei (Hupeh) provinces. More narrowly defined, the name also designates only one section of the range.

      In the most inclusive meaning, the Daba Mountains, like the Qin (Tsinling) Mountains (Qin Mountains) to the north, from which they are separated by the Han River valley, are an eastward continuation of the Kunlun Mountains. The Daba Mountains are composed of several constituent mountain ranges—including, from west to east, the Motian (along the Gansu-Sichuan border), Micang and Daba (which together straddle the Shaanxi-Sichuan and Shaanxi-Chongqing borders), and Wudang (in Hubei) mountains—that form the northern rim of the Sichuan Basin. The Daba Mountains are drained by a complex river system that serves as the watershed for the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) directly and indirectly through numerous intermediate rivers, including the Han and Jialing (Jialing River). The Jialing River, which rises in the Qin Mountains and cuts through the western section of the Daba Mountains, between the Motian and Micang mountains, provides the main route between Shaanxi and Sichuan and southwestern China. The Daba are not as high or massive as the Qin Mountains: their average elevation is more than 6,500 feet (2,000 metres) above sea level, and individual peaks reach 7,200–8,800 feet (2,200–2,700 metres). Da Shennongjia, located north of the Wuxia Gorge, the second of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze, is the highest peak in the eastern section, reaching 10,050 feet (3,053 metres). To its north is a national park, containing a virgin forest, that was established in the 1980s for the protection of wildlife.

      Although the term Daba Mountains is often used in the broad meaning of the mountain complex, it properly applies only to the smaller component Daba range of the complex or to the Daba Mountains and the Micang Mountains together. Both of these ranges are south of Hanzhong in the Han River valley. The Daba Mountains by themselves and together with the Micang Mountains are also called the Ba Mountains. The Micang range, named for one of its major peaks, Mount Micang (8,110 feet [2,472 metres]), is separated from the Daba Mountains by the Ren River. The Daba range proper is also sometimes called the Jiulong (“Nine Dragons”) Mountains, for a major peak of that name (8,540 feet [2,603 metres]). To the north of the Micang and Daba ranges and to the east of Yangxian (in Shaanxi) are a series of high ridges with a north-south axis known as the Xingzi Mountains.

      The Daba mountain complex is sparsely populated. Much of the area remains under virgin forest even though it has been inhabited since at least the 18th century. The western extremity of the range is comparatively dry and has a lighter forest cover. Much of the range consists of dolomitic limestones.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daba Mountains — On top of the Shennong Deng Daba Mountains, or Dabashan (Chinese: 大巴山; pinyin: Dàbā Shān) is a mountain range in Central China, north of the Yangtze River. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Daba — refers to: Daba, Daba Township (达巴村), a village in the Zanda County, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Daba, Fuxin County (大巴镇), town in Liaoning, China Daba Mountains (大巴山), mountain range in Central China The Mosuo people a native script, called… …   Wikipedia

  • Daba-Gebirge — Das Daba Shan oder Daba Gebirge (chin. 大巴山, im Chinesischen auch kurz als Ba Shan 巴山 bezeichnet) ist ein Gebirge in Südwestchina am nördlichen Rand des Sichuan Beckens. Im engeren Sinne bezeichnet Daba Shan das im Grenzgebiet der Provinzen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daba Shan — Das Daba Shan oder Daba Gebirge (chin. 大巴山, im Chinesischen auch kurz als Ba Shan 巴山 bezeichnet) ist ein Gebirge in Südwestchina am nördlichen Rand des Sichuan Beckens. Im engeren Sinne bezeichnet Daba Shan das im Grenzgebiet der Provinzen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Min Mountains — ▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin and Wade Giles romanization)  Min Shan        range in southwestern Gansu and northwestern Sichuan provinces, central China. The Min Mountains are a branch of the Kunlun Mountains and run roughly along a… …   Universalium

  • Wu Mountains — ▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin and Wade Giles romanization)  Wu Shan        mountain range on the border between Hubei (Hupeh) province and Chongqing (Chungking) municipality, central China. These mountains are often referred to by Western… …   Universalium

  • Mufu Mountains — Rice fields in a valley in Mufu Mountains, seen from China National Highway 106 east of Tongshan The Mufu Mountains (Chinese: 幕阜山; pinyin: Mùfù Shān) are a range of mountains located on the border of Jiangxi and Hubei provinces in …   Wikipedia

  • Dabie Mountains — Dabie Mountains …   Wikipedia

  • Wudang Mountains — This article is about the Wudang region in Hubei, China. For other uses, see Wu Tang (disambiguation). Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia

  • Altai Mountains — For other uses, see Altai (disambiguation). Coordinates: 49°N 89°E / 49°N 89°E / 49; 89 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”