Cushman, Charlotte Saunders

Cushman, Charlotte Saunders

▪ American actress
born July 23, 1816, Boston, Mass., U.S.
died Feb. 18, 1876, Boston
 first native-born star on the American stage.

      Cushman was encouraged by her musically gifted mother to train for the opera, and she joined a Boston company and appeared in April 1835 as Countess Almaviva in The Marriage of Figaro. Said to have had a fine contralto voice, Cushman eventually was forced to abandon opera when her voice failed her. She then turned to the stage. She appeared in April 1836 as Lady Macbeth in a striking performance.

 In 1837 she first played her most popular role, Meg Merrilies, in a stage adaptation of Sir Walter Scott's Guy Mannering, and in 1839 she appeared as Nancy in Oliver Twist, based on the Charles Dickens novel. In 1842 she became manager of the Walnut Street Theatre in Philadelphia. Starring with W.C. Macready (Macready, William Charles) in Macbeth, she played in Philadelphia and New York on alternate evenings during 1843–44. She played Bianca in 1845 opposite Edwin Forrest (Forrest, Edwin) in Henry Milman's Fazio and scored a great triumph in London. That same year and again on a tour in London in 1854–55, she played Romeo to her sister Susan's Juliet. Her other famous male roles included Hamlet and Cardinal Wolsey.

      An extremely popular actress in Europe as well as the United States, Cushman was at her best in powerfully emotional roles, showing little talent for subtlety or comedy. She played more than 30 masculine roles in her lifetime. Her personal life, though unmarked by scandal, was centred on her community of women friends. From 1852 to 1870 Cushman lived in England and Italy, thereafter settling in the United States.

Additional Reading
Biographical studies include Joseph Leach, Bright Particular Star: The Life & Times of Charlotte Cushman (1970); Lisa Merrill, When Romeo Was a Woman: Charlotte Cushman and Her Circle of Female Spectators (1999); and Julia Markus, Across an Untried Sea: Discovering Lives Hidden in the Shadow of Convention and Time (2000), which focuses on Cushman but also examines the lives of several other British and American women of the 19th century.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cushman, Charlotte (Saunders) — born July 23, 1816, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 18, 1876, Boston U.S. actress. She made her opera debut in Boston at age 19, but her singing voice soon failed and she turned to acting. In 1837 she first played her most popular role, Meg… …   Universalium

  • Cushman, Charlotte (Saunders) — (23 jul. 1816, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.–18 feb. 1876, Boston). Actriz estadounidense. Debutó como cantante de ópera en Boston a la edad de 19 años, pero al poco tiempo fue perdiendo su voz y entonces se dedicó a la actuación. En 1837 estrenó su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charlotte Saunders Cushman — [1] Charlotte Saunders Cushman Born July 23, 1816(1816 07 23) Boston, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

  • Charlotte Saunders Cushman — Charlotte Saunders Cushman …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charlotte Saunders Cushman — Nacimiento 23 de julio de 1816 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cushman (disambiguation) — Cushman may refer to: Cushman, vehicle manufacturer, People Arthur Cushman McGiffert Austin F. Cushman Charlie Cushman Charlotte Saunders Cushman Doug Cushman Danielle Colby Cushman Jeremy Cushman Joseph Augustine Cushman Karen Cushman Pauline… …   Wikipedia

  • Cushman — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cushman peut faire référence à : Cushman, selon la liste des marques de motos et de scooters, produisant notamment des carts de golf, Personnes  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • charlotte — /shahr leuht/, n. 1. a dessert of many varieties, served hot or cold and commonly made by lining a mold with cake or bread and filling it with fruit, whipped cream, custard, or gelatin. 2. the mold used in making this dessert. [1790 1800; < F,… …   Universalium

  • Charlotte — /shahr leuht/, n. 1. Grand Duchess (Charlotte Aldegonde Elise Marie Wilhelmine), 1896 1985, sovereign of Luxembourg 1919 64. 2. a city in S North Carolina. 314,447. 3. a female given name: derived from Charles. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 540,828) …   Universalium

  • Charlotte — ► C. del E de E.U.A., en el estado de Carolina del N; 395 934 h (área metropolitana, 279 530 h). Nudo de comunicaciones. * * * I (as used in expressions) Charlotte Sophia de Mecklemburgo Strelitz Charlotte Amalie Charlotte Harbor Corday (d… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”