Cronstedt, Axel Fredrik

Cronstedt, Axel Fredrik

▪ Swedish mineralogist and chemist
born Dec. 23, 1722, Turinge, Sweden
died Aug. 19, 1765, Säter

      Swedish mineralogist and chemist noted for his work on the chemistry of metallic elements and for his efforts to establish a new mineralogical system. He is also credited with developing an experimental procedure involving the systematic use of blowpipes for analyzing the chemical composition of minerals.

      Cronstedt was the first to isolate nickel (1751). He also made a detailed analysis of calcium tungstate, a previously unknown mineral of high specific gravity, and studied the properties of gypsum and a hydrous mineral he named zeolite. Such experiments revealed certain laws governing the internal structure of minerals and enabled him to establish a distinction between simple minerals and rock minerals, which are composed of a mixture of several minerals.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Axel Fredrik Cronstedt — Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt (1722 – 1765) was a Swedish chemist who discovered nickel in 1751, he was a mining expert with the Bureau of Mines. Cronstedt described it as kupfernickel (the devil s copper). He was a pupil of Georg Brandt, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Axel Fredrick Cronstedt — Axel Frederic von Cronstedt (* 23. Dezember 1722 in Ströpsta, Gemeinde Nykvarn; † 19. August 1765 in Stockholm) war ein schwedischer Chemiker. Cronstedt schrieb sich 1738 als Student an der Universität Uppsala ein. Anfänglich studierte er auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Axel Frederik Cronstedt — Le baron Axel Frederik Cronstedt (né le 23 décembre 1722 à Ströpsta, Södermanland, Suède ; décédé le 19 août 1765) était un chimiste suédois. Il découvrit le nickel en 1751. Il le décrivit comme le cuivre du diable. Il était élè …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cronstedt — may refer to: Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, a Swedish chemist Carl Olof Cronstedt, a Swedish naval commander Carl Johan Cronstedt, a Swedish architect, inventor, Earl, noble, civil servant, scientist and bibliophile Claes Cronstedt, a Swedish corporate …   Wikipedia

  • nickel — /nik euhl/, n., v., nickeled, nickeling or (esp. Brit.) nickelled, nickelling, adj. n. 1. Chem. a hard, silvery white, ductile and malleable metallic element, allied to iron and cobalt, not readily oxidized: used chiefly in alloys, in… …   Universalium

  • nickel processing — Introduction       preparation of the metal for use in various products.       Although it is best known for its use in coinage, nickel (Ni) has become much more important for its many industrial applications, which owe their importance to a… …   Universalium

  • Кронштедт, Аксель — Аксель Кронштедт ( швед. Axel Frederic von Cronstedt, 23 декабря 1722 года, Штрёпста 19 августа 1765 года, Стокгольм) шведский химик и ми …   Википедия

  • Κρόνστεντ, Άλεξ Φρίντρικ — (Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Στρόεπστα 1722 – Στοκχόλμη 1765). Σουηδός ορυκτολόγος και χημικός. Σπούδασε στο πανεπιστήμιο της Ουψάλα, όπου αργότερα διετέλεσε καθηγητής της χημείας και της ορυκτολογίας. Καθιέρωσε ένα σύστημα ταξινόμησης των ορυκτών με …   Dictionary of Greek

  • Nickel — This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). cobalt ← nickel → copper ↑ Ni ↓ Pd …   Wikipedia

  • NICKEL — Élément métallique de numéro atomique 28 (symbole Ni), le nickel est abondant dans les météorites et à l’intérieur du globe terrestre (manteau et noyau), où il se classerait au cinquième rang par ordre d’abondance. Il arrive au vingt troisième ou …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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