Convergence and Union

Convergence and Union

Catalan  Convergència i Unió (CiU) 

      political party that supports greater autonomy for Catalonia within Spain.

      The CiU was established in 1978 as an alliance between the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (Convergència Democrática de Catalunya) and the Democratic Union of Catalunya (Unión Democrática de Catalunya). In 1977, as the Democratic Pact (Pacte Democràtic), the two parties had contested Spain's first democratic elections after the death of longtime dictator General Francisco Franco (Franco, Francisco). The party also includes the small Catalan Democratic Left Party (Esquerra Democrática Catalunya). An ideologically centrist and nationalist political party, the CiU has attracted widespread Catalan support. From 1980 to the early 21st century, the CiU formed Catalonia's autonomous government (the Generalitat), many times with an outright majority, and had success in elections to the Cortes (Spanish legislature).

      For most of the 1980s and '90s, the CiU and Jordí Pujol i Soley, the president of Catalonia from 1980 to 2003, supported the national government led by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which in return agreed to generous tax transfers to the Catalonian government. However, in 1994, demanding that greater autonomy and more powers be devolved to Catalonia, the CiU withdrew support from the PSOE in the Cortes. In 1996 the CiU joined the Basque Nationalist Party in supporting the minority administration formed by the conservative Popular Party. The CiU won the most seats in the regional elections in 2003, but it failed to form a coalition government. The party generally supports greater European integration and adopts conservative positions on economic policy.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Convergence and Union — Convergència i Unió President Artur Mas Founded September 1978 (coalition) December 2001 (federation) …   Wikipedia

  • Union of the Democratic Centre (Spain) — Union of the Democratic Centre Unión de Centro Democrático Leader Adolfo Suárez President …   Wikipedia

  • Convergence Party — The following is a list of political parties whose names (in English) could be referred to as Convergence Party. Convergence (Mexico), a political party in Mexico Democratic Convergence Party (Cape Verde) Democratic Convergence Party Reflection… …   Wikipedia

  • Convergence (telecommunications) — This user is a student in a course working with the Wikipedia Ambassador Program. Course page: Wikipedia:United States Education Program/Courses/Writing as Communication (Zachary McDowell) Course talk page (for questions and feedback on articles) …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Convergence of Catalonia — Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya President Jordi Pujol i Soley Founded November 17, 1974 Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Union of Catalonia — Unió Democràtica de Catalunya President Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida …   Wikipedia

  • List of historical autonomist and secessionist movements — This is a list of historical autonomist and secessionist movements around the world. They may or may not have succeeded in their goal.For currently active movements, please see: List of active autonomist and secessionist movements. Africa Algeria …   Wikipedia

  • Navarrese People's Union — Unión del Pueblo Navarro Leader Yolanda Barcina Founded 1979 Headqua …   Wikipedia

  • Convergence for Social Democracy (Equatorial Guinea) — Convergence for Social Democracy redirects here. For the Burkinabé political party, see Convergence for Social Democracy (Burkina Faso). Convergence for Social Democracy (Spanish: Convergencia para la Democracia Social, CPDS) is the only major… …   Wikipedia

  • Convergence criteria — (also known as the Maastricht criteria) are the criteria for European Union member states to enter the third stage of European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and adopt the euro. The four main criteria are based on Article 121(1) of the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”