Lin·ux (lĭnʹŭks)
A trademark for an open-source version of the UNIX operating system.

* * *

Nonproprietary operating system (OS) for digital computers.

In 1991 Linus Torvalds of Finland began asking for volunteer programmers over the Internet to collaborate on the development of a UNIX-like OS for personal computers; the "1.0" release of Linux was in 1994. A true multiuser, multitasking system, Linux contained features (e.g., virtual memory, shared libraries, memory management, and TCP/IP networking) formerly only found on mainframe computers. With its source code freely available, thousands of volunteers, as well as several companies that sell prepackaged Linux products, have contributed to the OS. A reliable, fast-performing system with good security features, Linux is popular for corporate computer network and Web servers.

* * *

      computer operating system created in the early 1990s by Finnish software engineer Linus Torvalds and the Free Software Foundation (FSF).

      While still a student at the University of Helsinki, Torvalds started developing Linux to create a system similar to MINIX, a UNIX operating system. In 1991 he released version 0.02; Version 1.0 of the Linux kernel, the core of the operating system, was released in 1994. About the same time, American software developer Richard Stallman and the FSF made efforts to create an open-source (open source) UNIX-like operating system called GNU. In contrast to Torvalds, Stallman and the FSF started by creating utilities for the operating system first. These utilities were then added to the Linux kernel to create a complete system called GNU/Linux, or, less precisely, just Linux.

      Linux grew throughout the 1990s because of the efforts of hobbyist developers. Although Linux is not as user-friendly as the popular Microsoft Windows and Mac OS operating systems, it is an efficient and reliable system that rarely crashes. Combined with Apache, an open-source Web server, Linux accounts for more than a third of all servers used on the Internet. Because it is open source, and thus modifiable for different uses, Linux is popular for systems as diverse as cellular telephones and supercomputers (supercomputer). The addition of user-friendly desktop environments, office suites, Web browsers, and even games helped to increase Linux's popularity and make it more suitable for home and office desktops. New distributions (packages of Linux software) were created throughout the 1990s. Some of the more well-known distributions include Red Hat, Debian, and Slackware.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LINUX — oder GNU/Linux Entwickler Diverse Version Keine offizielle Version …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Linux — oder GNU/Linux Basisdaten Entwickler diverse Kernel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LINUX —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Linux (homonymie).  Linux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Linux-RT — (où RT signifie Real Time) est le nom du système d exploitation temps réel libre obtenu par l application du Patch officiel PREEMPT RT (maintenu par Ingo Molnar) sur le noyau Linux standard. Un tel noyau est par exemple fourni en option par la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Linux — er en udgave af UNIX operativsystemet oprindeligt lavet til Intel PC er, men sidenhen er langt de fleste maskintyper blevet understøttet fra mikrosystemer til mainframes. Systemet udmærker sig ved at være stabilt, gratis og der er fri adgang til… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Linux — operacinė sistema statusas T sritis informatika apibrėžtis Laisvai platinama ↑operacinių sistemų šeima, turinti „Linux“ tipo ↑branduolį. Pradžią davė Linusas Torvaldsas (Linus Torvalds), sukūręs naują atvirąją operacinę sistemą, pakeičiančią… …   Enciklopedinis kompiuterijos žodynas

  • Linux/RK — is an implementation of a Resource Kernel based on Linux. It is developed by the [ rtmach/ Real time and Multimedia Systems Laboratory] led by Dr. Raj Rajkumar at Carnegie Mellon University. DescriptionLinux/RK consists of… …   Wikipedia

  • Linux™ — 8 [Linux] [ˈlɪnəks] [ˈlɪnəks] noun uncountable (computing) an ↑operating system base …   Useful english dictionary

  • Linux™ — UK US /ˈlaɪnəks/ US  /ˈlɪnəks/ noun TRADEMARK ► IT a computer operating system (= a program that controls the way a computer system works) that is available free on the internet: »The Army s new supercomputer will run on Linux, a free, open… …   Financial and business terms

  • Linux — computer operating system, named for Linux kernel, written 1991 by Linus Torvalds of Finland (who coined the word but did not choose it as the name) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Linux — Windows пасля выдалення ўсіх памылак і аптымізацыі кода …   Слоўнік Скептыка

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”