Circeo, Mount

Circeo, Mount

Italian  Monte Circeo,  Latin  Circaeum Promontorium,  

      isolated promontory, Latina provincia, Lazio (Latium) regione, on the southwestern coast of Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea, just northwest of the Gulf of Gaeta. It consists of a conspicuous ridge of limestone, 3.5 miles (6 km) long by 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, rising to a height of 1,775 feet (541 m) and connected with the mainland by a low saddle of alluvial deposits. About 33 square miles (86 square km) are preserved as a national park that is notable for its flora. From the sea Mount Circeo bears the appearance of an island, and it has been associated with the legend of the sorceress Circe since classical times. The numerous coastal grottoes have yielded many traces of Stone Age settlement. The modern village of San Felice Circeo, toward the eastern end of the promontory, occupies the site of the ancient Circeii, a fortress of the ancient Volsci people that became a Roman colony in 393 BC and a popular summer residence in the Roman imperial period. During the Middle Ages the castle of San Felice frequently changed hands, and it was twice totally destroyed—by the Saracens in 846 and by King Alfonso V of Aragon in 1441. Its principal function was that of a papal outpost against attack by sea.

      There are remains of a Roman acropolis high up on the mountain.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mount Circeo — as seen from Terracina, Italy Prominence 541 metres (1,775 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • Parco Nazionale del Circeo — IUCN Category II (National Park) Maquis shrubland with the Mount Circeo promontory in the background …   Wikipedia

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Monte Cavo — Alban Mount Monte Cavo Monte Cavo (on the right of Alban Hills) Elevation …   Wikipedia

  • List of mountains — Eight thousanders The 14 eight thousanders , 8,000 meters or higher above sea level, all in the Himalayas: *Everest (8,848 m), Nepal Tibet (China), Asia *K2 (8,611 m), Pakistan Xinjiang (China), Asia *Kangchenjunga (8,586 m), Nepal Sikkim (India) …   Wikipedia

  • Red Mundial de Reservas de la Biosfera — Anexo:Red Mundial de Reservas de la Biosfera Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Red Mundial de Reservas de la Biosfera es el conjunto de espacios naturales que, según definición de la Unesco, son: Las Reservas de la Biosfera son zonas de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste der Biosphärenreservate — Die UNESCO weist weltweit 564 Biosphärenreservate in 109 Staaten (Stand: Mai 2009) im Rahmen des Programms Mensch und Biosphäre (Man and Biosphere) zum Schutz typischer Kulturlandschaften aus[1]. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Afrika 1.1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Всемирная сеть биосферных резерватов в Европе и Северной Америке — Всемирная сеть биосферных резерватов в Европе и Северной Америке  региональное подразделение Всемирной сети биосферных резерватов, созданной по программе ЮНЕСКО «Человек и биосфера». Европейская сеть биосферных заповедников является самой… …   Википедия

  • Circe — For other uses, see Circe (disambiguation). Circe Offering the Cup to Odysseus, by John William Waterhouse. In Greek mythology, Circe ( …   Wikipedia

  • Liste homininer Fossilien — Die folgenden Tabellen geben einen Überblick über einige bemerkenswerte Funde homininer Fossilien, die im Zusammenhang mit der Stammesgeschichte des Menschen und dem Prozess der Hominisation stehen. Da es tausende solcher Fossilien gibt, besteht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”