Chen Jiongming

Chen Jiongming

▪ Chinese military leader
Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en Chiung-ming  
born Jan. 13, 1875, Haifeng, Guangdong province, China
died Sept. 22, 1933, Hong Kong

      Chinese military leader whose support allowed Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan) to establish in Guangzhou (Canton; 1920) the revolutionary government that later spawned both the Chinese Nationalist (Nationalist Party) and the Chinese communist movements.

      Originally a Nationalist revolutionary, Chen by 1918 had become the military leader of southern Fujian and eastern Guangdong provinces. Occupying Guangzhou in 1920, he took over the governorship of Guangdong province and established Sun Yat-sen in Guangzhou with the office of president extraordinary. Chen thereupon proceeded to expand his power into all of Guangxi province, but when Sun, who was anxious to unify the country, ordered Chen to advance into central China, he refused and instead attacked Guangzhou, temporarily ousting Sun. Chen was driven out of the city the next year, and in 1925 his forces were demolished by the Nationalist forces. Chen escaped to Hong Kong, where he remained until his death.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chen Jiongming — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chen (陳). Chen Jiongming 陳炯明 Personal details Born January 13, 1878 Haifeng, Shanwei, Guangdong, China Died …   Wikipedia

  • Chen Geng — General Chen Geng Born 1903 Xiangxiang, Hunan Died 1961 …   Wikipedia

  • Chen Mingshu — Chen Mingshu. Chen Mingshu (idioma chino: 陈铭枢; pinyin: Chén Míngshū; 15 de octubre de 1889 15 de mayo de 1965) fue un general y político chino y Premier de la República de China interino en diciembre de [[19condado de Hepu en Guangxi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chen Bingkun — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chen. Chen Bingkun Chen Bingkun, (simplified Chinese: 陈炳焜; traditional Chinese: 陳炳焜; pinyin: Chén Bǐngkūn),(1868 September 1927) was born in 1868 in Liuji …   Wikipedia

  • Chen Duxiu — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chen. 陈独秀 陳獨秀 Chen Duxiu General Secretary of the Communist Party of China In office 2 August 1921 – 7 August 1927 Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

  • Constitutional Protection Movement — The Constitutional Protection Movement (Chinese: 護法運動/护法运动)) was a series of movements led by Sun Yat sen to resist the Beiyang Government between 1917 to 1922, in which Sun re established another government in Guangzhou as a result. It was known …   Wikipedia

  • Movimiento de Protección de la Constitución (China) — El Movimiento de Protección de la Constitución (chino: 护法 运动) fue en realidad una serie de movimientos dirigidos por el político revolucionario chino Sun Yat sen para oponerse al Gobierno de Beiyang entre 1917 a 1922. En este periodo Sun… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guangdong–Guangxi War — The Guangdong Guangxi War (1920 1921), also known as the First and Second Ao Gui War, occurred between the Chinese Revolutionary Party and the Old Guangxi Clique. First Ao Gui WarWhen Sun Yat sen, leader of the Chinese Revolutionary Party,… …   Wikipedia

  • Lu Rongting — (陸榮廷) (1856 1927) was born in Wuming, Guangxi province in China. Originating as a common bandit, Lu became a military commander in Guangxi in the Qing dynasty and suppressed the revolutionary uprising at Zhennan Pass (now Friendship Pass) on the… …   Wikipedia

  • New Guangxi clique — After the founding of the Republic of China, Guangxi served as the base for one of the most powerful warlord cliques of China: the Old Guangxi clique. Led by Lu Rongting (陆荣廷) and others, the clique was able to take control of neighbouring Hunan… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”