Chartier, Alain

Chartier, Alain

▪ French author
born c. 1385, Bayeux, Normandy, France
died c. 1433, Avignon, Provence?

      French poet and political writer whose didactic, elegant, and Latinate style was regarded as a model by succeeding generations of poets and prose writers.

      Educated at the University of Paris, Chartier entered the royal service, acting as secretary and notary to both Charles VI and the dauphin, later Charles VII. He carried out various diplomatic missions for Charles VII, and in 1428 he was sent to Scotland to negotiate the marriage of Margaret of Scotland with the future Louis XI.

      His work, written mainly from 1415 to 1430, is distinguished by its variety of subject matter and form. Chartier was a poet, orator, historian, moralist, and pamphleteer who wrote in Latin and French. His earliest-known poem, the Livre des quatre dames (1415 or 1416; “Book of the Four Ladies”), is a discussion between four ladies who have lost their lovers at the Battle of Agincourt. The same technique is used in the prose Quadrilogue invectif, written in 1422, the dialogue being between France and the three estates of the realm (clergy, nobility, and commoners). This work exposes the sufferings of the peasantry, the misdeeds of the church, and the abuses of the feudal army but maintains that France could yet be saved if the kingdom's contending factions would lay aside their differences in the face of the common enemy.

      Chartier's poems are mostly allegories in the courtly tradition but show the influence of his classical learning in their frequent Latinisms. They include La Belle Dame sans merci, Le Lay de paix (“The Lay of Peace”), and Le Bréviaire des nobles, the first of which, a tale of unrequited love, is the best known and was translated into English in the 15th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chartier, Alain — (ca. 1385 ca. 1433)    diplomat, writer    Born in Bayeux and educated at the university of Paris, Alain Chartier, who served both charles vi and the dauphin (later charles vii) as secretary during the 14th century, enjoyed a great literary… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • CHARTIER, ALAIN —    an early scholarly French poet and prose writer of note, born at Bayeux; secretary to Charleses V., VI., and VII. of France, whom Margaret, daughter of James I. of Scotland and wife of Louis XI., herself a poetess, once kissed as he lay asleep …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Alain Chartier — (* ca. 1385 in Bayeux; † zwischen 1430 und 1446[1] in Avignon) war ein französischer Diplomat und bedeutender Autor. Leben und Schaffen Chartier (der in Literaturgeschichten und Lexika häufig unter „Alain“ geführ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Alain Chartier —     Alain Chartier     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alain Chartier     A French poet, born about 1390, at Bayeux, died between 1430 and 1440. It is believed he studied at the University of Paris, as did his brother Guillaume, Bishop of Paris, who… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chartier — (Alain) (v. 1385 v. 1433) poète courtois français (la Belle Dame sans merci, 1424) et auteur d ouvrages politiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alain Chartier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alain. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chartier. Alain Chartier …   Wikipédia en Français

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