Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'ang-chih , formerly (until 1912)  Lu'an 

      city in southeastern Shanxi (Shansi) sheng (province), China. It is situated in the Lu'an plain—a basin surrounded by the western highlands of the Taihang Mountains, watered by the upper streams of the Zhuozhang River. It is a communication centre; to the northeast a route and a railway via Licheng, in Shanxi, cross the Taihang range to Handan, Hebei, on the North China Plain. To the northwest a route and a railway lead to the Fen River valley, south of Taiyuan, Shanxi. To the south a route leads over comparatively low mountains to Gaoping, Shanxi, and to the plain of the Huang He (Yellow River). A railway following this route has been built to the coalfields of Jiaozuo in Henan with further connections to Zhengzhou.

      This area was of major importance during the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BCE) and also during the state of Li within the Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BCE); it later became the site of an important city named Shangdang in the state of Han. In Qin (Qin dynasty) (221–207 BCE) and Han (Han dynasty) (206 BCE–220 CE) times it became the commandery (district under the control of a commander) of Shangdang. In the late 6th century it was called Luzhou—a name retained through the Tang dynasty (618–907), when it was a strategic centre in the conflict between the central government and the provincial warlords of Hebei. In the 840s it was itself the seat of a major rebellion. During the last years of the Tang dynasty and during the Five Dynasties period (907–960), the area was continually fought over and constantly changed hands. Under the Song (Song dynasty) (960–1279) it was called Longde, a name it maintained under the Yuan (Yuan dynasty) (Mongols; 1279–1368). During Ming (Ming dynasty) times (1368–1644) it was named Lu'an and became a part of Shanxi. In 1528 the county was given the name Changzhi, and the superior prefecture of which it was the seat was named Lu'an. In 1912 the superior prefecture was abolished.

      The historical city was relatively extensive, with strong walls 7.5 miles (12 km) in circumference, but after the 19th century it declined in importance. It was a regional market centre for the agricultural products (grain, hemp, wool, and felt) of the locality and also for products of the local metalworking industry. The area was a centre of both iron- and bronze-working from the earliest times. In the 1950s excavations at Fenshuiling, north of the city, revealed large numbers of bronze artifacts and molds used for casting iron tools.

      After 1949 Changzhi was developed into a secondary industrial centre. Because of the utilization of the nearby coal mines and rich iron deposits, its population nearly doubled between 1953 and 1958. The city produces pig iron and steel, and there are a number of engineering and machine-building plants. The area also mines asbestos and other minerals. Traditionally, it is famous for the local dangshen, or asiabell (root of Codonopsis pilosula), and for the locally produced fermented beverage called lujiu. Pop. (2002 est.) 484,235.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Changzhi — Chángzhì · 长治 Localisation de la préfecture de Changzhi (en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Changzhi — For other uses, see Changzhi (disambiguation). Changzhi 长治   Prefecture level city   长治市 …   Wikipedia

  • Changzhi — Lage der bezirksfreien Stadt Changzhi in der Provinz Shanxi Die Stadt Changzhi (长治市/長治市; Pinyin: Chángzhì Shì) ist eine bezirksfreie Stadt im Südwesten der chinesischen Provinz Shanxi. Sie hat 683.000 Einwohner (Stand 2004). Administrative… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Changzhi — 1 Original name in latin Changzhi Name in other language CIH, Ch ang chih, Ch ang chih hsien, Ch ang chih shih, Chang chi, Changzhi, Changzhi Shi, Ch’ang chih, Ch’ang chih hsien, Ch’ang chih shih, Handian, Lu an, Lu anfu, Lu’an, Lu’anfu, lu an,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Changzhi — Liaocheng (en chino: 长治市,pinyin: Chángzhì shì). Es una ciudad prefectura en la provincia de Shanxi, República Popular de China. Limita al norte con Jinzhong,al sur con Jiaozuo,al oeste con Linfen y al este con la Anyang. Su area es de 13,864 km2… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Changzhi County —   County   Chinese transcription(s)    Chinese    Pinyin Country …   Wikipedia

  • Changzhi Medical College — 长治医学院 Established 1946 Type Public university Location Changzhi, Shanxi …   Wikipedia

  • Changzhi (disambiguation) — Changzhi is a prefecture level city in Shanxi, China. Changzhi may also refer to: Changzhi County, in Changzhi, Shanxi, China Changzhi, Pingtung, township in Pingtung County, Taiwan This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same …   Wikipedia

  • Changzhi Stadium — Full name Changzhi Stadium Location Changzhi, China Opened 2010 Capacity 30,000 Changzhi Stadium is a multi purpose stadium in Changzhi, C …   Wikipedia

  • Changzhi College — (长治学院) is a college in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government. v · …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”