Chakma

Chakma

people
      largest of the tribal populations in the Chittagong area in southeastern Bangladesh, numbering 350,000 in the late 20th century. The Chakma dwell in Kassalong and in the middle Karnafuli valleys and are ethnically related to the Arakanese of southwestern Burma; they live in close proximity with smaller tribes such as the Maghs, Tipra, and Tenchungya. Their original culture has been gradually obscured by their partial adoption of Bengali culture. The Chakma have discarded their original Burmese language and today speak a variant Bengali dialect.

      Lacking statehood, the Chakma have protected themselves by clan organization, not found in the other Chittagong-area tribes. They practice mixed shifting and permanent agriculture, growing paddy rice as well as millet, corn (maize), vegetables, and mustard. They traditionally used hoe cultivation but have recently begun to use the plow. The women weave distinctive fabrics to supplement family income and provide clothing. The Chakma have observed a mixture of animism, Hinduism, and Buddhism and today are almost entirely Buddhist. Buddhist tradition, such as sacrificing a pig when a bride arrives at the groom's village, is mixed with a custom of eating pork, a practice disdained by the Bengalis.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Chakma — es un distrito autónomo de Mizoram en la India, de Chittagong Hill Tracts en la Bangladesh habitado por el pueblo chakma. El distrito de Chakma, el de Lai y el de Maraland solicitan su separación de Mizoram y su conversión (conjunta) en un estado …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chakma — es un distrito autónomo de Mizoram en la India, habitado por el pueblo Chakma. El distrito de Chakma, el de Lai y el de Maraland solicitan su separación de Mizoram y su conversión (conjunta) en un estado de la Unión India. Este pueblo se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chakma —   [tʃ ], Volksstamm birmanischer Herkunft in Südostbengalen, Bangladesh. Die rd. 200 000 Chakma (Pflugbauern; Buddhisten) sind wegen der Überflutung ihres Siedlungsgebietes durch den Kaptaistaudamm und des starken Bevölkerungsanteils der Bengali… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chakma —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Chak. Chakma Populations Populations significatives par régions …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Chakma language — Chakma Changma Kodha Spoken in Bangladesh and India Region Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura Native speakers …   Wikipedia

  • Chakma (Sprache) — Chakma Gesprochen in Bangladesch, Indien Sprecher 612.000 Linguistische Klassifikation Indogermanische Sprachen Indoiranische Sprachen Indoarische Sprachen Ostindoarische Sprachen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Chakma people — The Chakmas Total population 0.7 million Regions with significant populations Mostly in Bangladesh and India Bangladesh : Chittagong Hill Tracts area. India : Mizoram, Arunachal Pr …   Wikipedia

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