Chadwick, George Whitefield

Chadwick, George Whitefield

▪ American composer

born Nov. 13, 1854, Lowell, Mass., U.S.
died April 4, 1931, Boston
 composer of the so-called New England group, whose music is rooted in the traditions of European Romanticism.

      Chadwick studied organ and music theory in Boston and in 1877 went to Germany to study with Karl Reinecke (Reinecke, Carl), Salomon Jadassohn, and Josef Rheinberger (Rheinberger, Joseph). Returning to the United States in 1880, he was engaged as instructor in music theory at the New England Conservatory in Boston; in 1897 he became its director and held this post until his death. As an educator he played an important role in American music; among his pupils were the composers Horatio Parker (Parker, Horatio (William)), Henry Hadley (Hadley, Henry), and Frederick Converse (Converse, Frederick Shepherd). He also conducted orchestral and choral concerts.

      Chadwick was a firm believer in the representational meaning of music; most of his orchestral works bear programmatic titles. In his harmonic writing he followed the procedures of his German teachers, with some distinctive additions of French and American popular elements.

      The list of Chadwick's works is considerable and includes three symphonies (1882, 1885, 1894), five concert overtures, three symphonic poems, two cantatas, a burlesque opera (Tabasco, 1894), a lyric drama (Judith, 1901), numerous choruses, five string quartets, a piano quintet (1888), and many songs and organ pieces. Chadwick also published a textbook, Harmony (1897).

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  • George Whitefield Chadwick — (* 13. November 1854 in Lowell, Massachusetts, USA; † 4. April 1931 in Boston) war ein US amerikanischer Komponist. Leben Chadwick entwickelte früh in seinem Leben einen unabhängigen, selbstständigen Charakter. Er war Schulabbrecher und in vieler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Whitefield Chadwick — (November 13, 1854 – April 4, 1931) was an American composer. Along with Horatio Parker and Edward MacDowell, he was a representative composer of what can be called the New England School of American composers of the late 19th century the… …   Wikipedia

  • George Chadwick — George Whitefield Chadwick (* 13. November 1854 in Lowell, Massachusetts, USA; † 4. April 1931 in Boston) war ein US amerikanischer Komponist. Leben Chadwick entwickelte früh in seinem Leben einen unabhängigen, selbstständigen Charakter. Er war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Chadwick — George Whitefield Chadwick, né le 13 novembre 1854 et décédé le 4 avril 1931, est un compositeur américain. Il est un des compositeurs représentatifs de l école de Boston, un groupe de compositeurs américains de la fin du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chadwick — is an English surname of Anglo Saxon/Norse origin, it is a combination of the modernised Old English given name Ceadda, and the anglicised Old Norse word vík which was introduced into England by Scandinavian settlers. Chadwick, Illinois Chadwick …   Wikipedia

  • Chadwick —   [ tʃædwɪk],    1) George Whitefield, amerikanischer Komponist, * Lowell (Massachusetts) 13. 11. 1854, ✝ Boston (Massachusetts) 4. 4. 1931; nach Studien in Boston, Leipzig und München seit 1882 Kompositionslehrer (1897 1930 Direktor) am New… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chadwick — /chad wik/, n. 1. Florence (May), born 1918, U.S. long distance swimmer. 2. George Whitefield, 1854 1931, U.S. composer. 3. James, 1891 1974, English physicist: discoverer of the neutron; Nobel prize 1935. * * * …   Universalium

  • Chadwick — /chad wik/, n. 1. Florence (May), born 1918, U.S. long distance swimmer. 2. George Whitefield, 1854 1931, U.S. composer. 3. James, 1891 1974, English physicist: discoverer of the neutron; Nobel prize 1935 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Чедуик, Джордж Уайтфилд — Джордж Уайтфилд Чедуик (англ. George Whitefield Chadwick; 13 ноября 1854 4 апреля 1931) американский композитор. Вместе с Джоном Ноулзом Пейном, Артуром Футом, Эдуардом Макдауэллом, Эми Бич и Горацио Паркером составлял так называемую… …   Википедия

  • Liste der Biografien/Cha — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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