Central Treaty Organization

Central Treaty Organization
formerly  Middle East Treaty Organization , or  Baghdad Pact Organization 

      mutual security organization dating from 1955 to 1979 and composed of Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom. Until March 1959 the organization was known as the Middle East Treaty Organization, included Iraq, and had its headquarters in Baghdad.

      Formed at the urging of Britain and the United States, the Central Treaty Organization was intended to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into vital Middle East oil-producing regions. It was never very effective. Iraq withdrew from the alliance in 1959 after its anti-Soviet monarchy was overthrown. That same year the United States became an associate member, the name of the organization was changed to CENTO, and its headquarters was moved to Ankara. Following the fall of the shah in 1979, Iran withdrew, and CENTO was dissolved.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Central Treaty Organization — Flag of CENTO Map of CENTO members The Central Treaty Organization (also refe …   Wikipedia

  • Central Treaty Organization — Flagge der CENTO Mitgliedsstaaten der CENTO Die Central Treaty Organization (abgekürzt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO) — originally Middle East Treaty Organization or Baghdad Pact Organization Mutual security organization, originally composed of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, and Britain. It was formed in 1955, at the urging of the U.S. and Britain, to counter the… …   Universalium

  • Central Treaty Organization. — See CENTO. * * * …   Universalium

  • Central Treaty Organization. — See CENTO …   Useful english dictionary

  • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization — SEATO s flag …   Wikipedia

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — ➡ NATO. * * * Introduction   military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) armies stationed… …   Universalium

  • Collective Security Treaty Organization — (CSTO)    Military alliance. Also referred to as the Tashkent Treaty, the Collective Security Treaty Organization is a military extension of the Commonwealth of Independent States politico economic union intended to protect the territorial… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Collective Security Treaty Organization — ██ derzeitige Mitgliedstaaten der OVKS ██ ehemalige weitere Vertragspartner des VKS Sitz Moskau Arbeitssprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”