Cattaneo, Carlo

Cattaneo, Carlo

▪ Italian politician
born June 15, 1801, Milan
died Feb. 6, 1869, near Lugano, Switz.

      Italian publicist and intellectual whose writings significantly shaped the Risorgimento and whose journal, Il Politecnico (“The Polytechnic”), not only served as a vehicle for his political views but also was influential in introducing new scientific and technical improvements into Italy.

      During Cattaneo's early career as a schoolmaster and as a graduate in law at the University of Padua (1824), he acquired a tremendous scope of knowledge: his writings treat such diversified subjects as literature and fine arts, philosophy, language, mathematics, chemistry, geology, agriculture, and penal reform, as well as various other economic, social, and political problems of his time. Considered Italy's first proponent of positivism, he tried to clarify the complex relations between morality and economics. His important scholarly work Notizie naturali e civili su la Lombardia (1844; “Natural and Civil Reports on Lombardy”) gained him election to the prestigious Lombard Institute.

      Cattaneo was slow to enter the political sphere, in which he was considered a moderate, because he believed Italy was not ready for an armed revolt against Austria, which then controlled Milan. When the Milan rebellion, “the Five Days” (March 18–22, 1848), broke out, he became one of the leaders of the revolutionary council. On the reoccupation of Milan by the Austrians in August, Cattaneo left and settled in Switzerland. He wrote two books on the revolt: L'insurrection de Milan en 1848 (1848; “The Milan Insurrection of 1848”) and Dell'insurrezione di Milano nel 1848 e della successiva guerra (1849; “On the Milan Insurrection of 1848 and on the Succeeding War”).

      Cattaneo returned to Milan in 1859 to refound his journal. In 1867 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy but never took his seat because he was unwilling to take a required oath of loyalty to the ruling House of Savoy. He continued to oppose the monarchy from his home in Switzerland.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CATTANEO, CARLO° — (1801–1869), Italian jurist, statistician, and politician. Cattaneo was among a group, including Vincenzo Gioberti, Angelo Brofferio, Massimo, and Roberto d Azeglio , which advocated reforms in favor of the Jews of Piedmont. His study Ricerche… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cattaneo, Carlo — (1801–1869)    Milanese by birth, Carlo Cattaneo was both an independent minded scholar and a political activist of great integrity. Between 1835 and 1844 he edited Il Politecnico, a review specializing in the scientific analysis of social… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Carlo Cattaneo — dans une xylographie de 1887 d Edoardo Matania …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CATTANEO (C.) — CATTANEO CARLO (1801 1869) Patriote italien, représentant le plus éminent du courant fédéraliste, dans le Risorgimento. D’une famille de souche terrienne, Carlo Cattaneo acquiert une vaste culture humaniste et économique. Professeur et publiciste …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cattaneo — is a surname, and may refer to:* Adelardo Cattaneo * Carlo Cattaneo * Francesco Costanzo Cattaneo * Gualdo Cattaneo * Hernán Cattáneo * Peter Cattaneo * Santo Cattaneo …   Wikipedia

  • Carlo Cattaneo — (June 15, 1801 – February 6, 1869) was an Italian philosopher, writer and patriot. Cattaneo was born in Parabiago, some 23 km to the north west of Milan, in a villa belonging a friend of his Milanese parents where the family often stayed during… …   Wikipedia

  • Carlo Frigerio — (April 5, 1763 ndash; 5 December, 1800) was an Italian painter, and a pupil of Santo Cattaneo.cite book | author= Federico Nicoli Cristiani | year=1807| title= Della Vita delle pitture di Lattanzio Gambara; Memorie Storiche aggiuntevi brevi… …   Wikipedia

  • Cattanĕo — Cattanĕo, 1) Danese, ital. Bildhauer, Architekt und Dichter, geb. 1509 in Colonnata bei Carrara, gest. 1573 in Padua, Schüler Sansovinos, näherte sich bereits dem Barockstil, wie das Grabmal des Dogen Loredano in San Giovanni e Paolo zu Venedig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Carlo Tenca — Portrait de Carlo Tenca Naissance 19 octobre 1816 Milan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carlo Mollino — (* 6. Mai 1905 in Turin; † 27. August 1973 in Turin) war ein italienischer Architekt und Designer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) 2.1 Bauwerke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”