Casals, Pablo

Casals, Pablo

▪ Spanish musician
Catalan  Pau Casals 
born December 29, 1876, Vendrell, Spain
died October 22, 1973, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico
 Spanish-born cellist and conductor, known for his virtuosic technique, skilled interpretation, and consummate musicianship.

      Casals made his debut in Barcelona in 1891 after early training in composition, cello, and piano. After further study in Madrid and Brussels he returned to Barcelona in 1896 as principal cellist at the Gran Teatro del Liceo. By this time he had established his innovative technique; by making his left-hand positions more flexible and using a freer bowing technique, he created an individual style marked by seeming effortlessness and a singing tone. Casals toured internationally between 1898 and 1917 and formed a celebrated trio with Alfred Cortot (piano) and Jacques Thibaud (violin). Having won an international reputation as a cellist, Casals helped found in 1919 the École Normale de Musique in Paris and also established and conducted the Orquestra Pau Casals in Barcelona.

      An outspoken opponent of Fascism, he was forced to move in 1936 to Prades in Catalan France. He refused to return to Spain after the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and announced his retirement from public performance in 1946 to protest worldwide recognition of the Franco regime in Spain; in 1950, however, he returned to recording and conducting, choosing spoken over silent protest. In 1956 he moved to Puerto Rico, from which place he continued his personal musical crusade for peace until his death.

      Casals was a romantic who eschewed the drier, literal interpretations of modernism. His love for the works of J.S. Bach formed the core of his sensibilities. He revitalized appreciation of Bach's cello music, especially with his masterful rendition of the six unaccompanied suites for cello.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Casals,Pablo — Ca·sals (kə sălzʹ, sälzʹ), Pablo. 1876 1973. Spanish cellist, conductor, and composer considered the greatest cellist of his time. * * * …   Universalium

  • Casals, Pablo (Carlos Salvador Defilló) — orig. Pau Casals born Dec. 29, 1876, Vendrell, Spain died Oct. 22, 1973, Río Piedras, P.R. Spanish (Catalan) born U.S. cellist and conductor. He received early instruction from his organist father and took up the cello and composition in his… …   Universalium

  • Casals, Pablo (Carlos Salvador Defilló) — orig. Pau Casals (29 dic. 1876, Vendrell, España–22 oct. 1973, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico). Violonchelista y director de orquesta estadounidense de origen español (Cataluña). Hijo de un organista, recibió su primera instrucción musical de su padre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Casals, Pablo —  (1876–1973) Spanish cellist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • CASALS (P.) — CASALS PABLO (1876 1973) Après s’être initié à divers instruments (piano, violon, flûte et orgue), Pablo Casals, né à Vendrell (Espagne), entre en 1888 au conservatoire de Barcelone où il travaille le violoncelle avec José García et l’harmonie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pablo — Pablo. guarda, Pablo. expr. coloq. p. us. Se emplea para advertir un peligro o contingencia. □ V. epístola de San Pablo. * * * ● Pablo puede referirse al nombre propio en castellano. ● Pablo también puede referirse al nombre del discípulo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Casals — (Pablo) (1876 1973) violoncelliste espagnol …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pablo Casals — Pablo Casals …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pablo Casals — Pau Casals i Defilló [ˈpaw kəˈzals], international auch in kastilischer Namensform als Pablo Casals [ˈpaβlo kaˈsals] bekannt, (* 29. Dezember 1876 in El Vendrell, Katalonien, Spanien; † 22. Oktober 1973 in San Juan de Puerto Rico) wurde vor allem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Casals Festival — The Casals Festival is a classical music event celebrated every year in San Juan, Puerto Rico in honor of world renowned musician Pablo Casals.BackgroundThe festival was founded in 1957 by Teodoro Moscoso and David Ogilvy with the objectives of… …   Wikipedia

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