Cartwright, Alexander Joy

Cartwright, Alexander Joy

▪ American sportsman
born April 17, 1820, New York City
died July 12, 1892, Honolulu
 chief codifier of the baseball rules from which the present rules were developed.

      A surveyor by profession, Cartwright was one of the founders of the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, an organization of amateur players in New York City. He was chairman of a club committee that prepared a set of baseball rules, which were adopted in September 1845 and apparently were first used in a game between the Knickerbockers and the New York Nine at Hoboken, N.J., June 19, 1846.

      Those 1845 rules were taken in part from Robin Carter's Book of Sports (1834), but were original in some important respects. A major innovation legitimized tagging out a base runner rather than hitting him with a thrown ball in order to retire him; this made possible the introduction of a hard ball. Cartwright is generally credited with fixing the distance between bases at 90 feet.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cartwright, Alexander (Joy) — born April 17, 1820, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 12, 1892, Honolulu, Hawaii U.S. surveyor and baseball enthusiast. Cartwright was a founder of the amateur New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club and chaired the commission that established… …   Universalium

  • Cartwright, Alexander (Joy) — (17 abr. 1820, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–12 jul. 1892, Honolulu, Hawai). Agrimensor estadounidense fanático del béisbol. Fue uno de los fundadores del club amateur llamado New York Knickerbocker y presidió la comisión que estableció las reglas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • joy — /joy/, n. 1. the emotion of great delight or happiness caused by something exceptionally good or satisfying; keen pleasure; elation: She felt the joy of seeing her son s success. 2. a source or cause of keen pleasure or delight; something or… …   Universalium

  • Alexander — Alexander, Christopher Alexander, islas de Alexander, sir Harold * * * (as used in expressions) William Alexander Abbott Agassiz, Alexander (Emmanuel Rodolphe) Alexander, archipiélago Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joy — /joy/, n. a female given name. Also, Joye. * * * (as used in expressions) Adamson Joy Joy Friederike Victoria Gessner Cartwright Alexander Joy * * * …   Universalium

  • alexander — /al ig zan deuhr, zahn /, n. (often cap.) a cocktail made with crème de cacao with gin or brandy (brandy alexander) and sweet cream. [1925 30; prob. after the proper name] * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz Alexander Emmanuel Rodolphe… …   Universalium

  • Alexander — /al ig zan deuhr, zahn /, n. 1. See Alexander the Great. 2. Also, Alexandros. Class. Myth. Homeric name for Paris. 3. Franz /frants, franz, frahnts/, 1891 1964, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Hungary. 4. Grover Cleveland …   Universalium

  • Joy — (as used in expressions) Adamson, Joy Joy Friederike Victoria Gessner Cartwright, Alexander (Joy) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexander Cartwright III — Alexander Joy Cartwright III 1855 ? was the son of Alexander Joy Cartwright II, Father of American Baseball.His father was a noted Honolulu bussinessman and on December 27, 1850, King Kamehameha III passed an act in Privy Council that appointed… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Cartwright — II (April 17 1820 – July 12 1892) was officially credited by the United States Congress on June 3, 1953, with inventing the modern game of baseball. Many attribute the invention to Abner Doubleday, a story considered a myth by sports historians.… …   Wikipedia

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