Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste

Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste

▪ French sculptor
born May 11, 1827, Valenciennes, France
died Oct. 12, 1875, Courbevoie

      the leading French sculptor of his time. His works, containing a lively realism, rhythm, and variety that were in opposition to contemporary French academic sculpture, form a prelude to the art of Auguste Rodin (Rodin, Auguste), who revered him.

 For some time, Carpeaux was a student of the prominent French sculptor François Rude (Rude, François). Winning the 1854 Prix de Rome enabled him to live in Rome (1856–62), where he was influenced by the works of such Italian Renaissance sculptors as Michelangelo, Donatello, and Verrocchio. He established his reputation with Neapolitan Fisherboy (1857) and Ugolino and His Sons (1861), a dramatic bronze for the Tuileries Gardens, Paris, and won favour at the court of Napoleon III, receiving many commissions for portrait busts. His most famous work, The Dance (completed 1869), a sculptural group for the facade of the Paris Opéra, created a sensation and was attacked as immoral. His works were the subject of some of the most significant debates about sculpture during the mid-19th century. In order to allay the huge costs of his monumental projects he produced reductions and variants of them and many celebrated portraits that earned considerable sums of money and made his work widely available to private buyers, both the wealthy and those of modest means.

Additional Reading
Anne Middleton Wagner, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux: Sculptor of the Second Empire (1986).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste — (1827 1875)    sculptor, designer, painter    Born in Valenciennes, Jean Baptiste Carpeaux studied at the studio of the sculptor François rude. He then traveled to italy, where he was inspired by the works of the Renaissance masters, especially… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste — (5/11/1827 Valen ciennes 10/11/1875 Courbevoie) (France)    Realist painter, engraver, draughtsman, and sculptor. Attended the Academie de Peinture, Sculpteure et Architecture in Valenciennes, Petite Ecole, and Ecole des Beaux Arts, trained under …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Carpeaux, Jean Baptiste — ► (1827 75) Escultor francés. Formado en el romanticismo, acabó siendo figura representativa de la transición. Obras: La danza (1869), Ugolino y sus hijos y Flora …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CARPEAUX, JEAN BAPTISTE —    sculptor, born at Valenciennes; adorned by his art, reckoned highly imaginative, several of the public monuments of Paris, and the façade of the Opera House (1827 1875) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux — La Danse (La danza), Ópera Garnier en Paris Nombre real Jean Baptiste Carpeaux Nacimiento 11 de mayo de 1827 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean-Baptiste — Johann Baptist mit seinen Varianten ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Johann Baptist 3.2 Johann Baptista …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux — Jean Baptiste Carpeaux, né le 11 mai 1827 à Valenciennes et mort le 12 octobre 1875 à Courbevoie, est un sculpteur, peintre et dessinateur français. Jean Baptiste Carpeaux, Flore, et autres sculptures …   Wikipédia en Français

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