carbonate rock

carbonate rock

      any rock composed mainly of carbonate minerals. The principal members of the group are the sedimentary rocks dolomite and limestone (qq.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Carbonate rock — Carbonate rocks are a class of sedimentary rocks composed primarily of carbonate minerals. The two major types are limestone and dolomite, composed of calcite (CaCO3) and the mineral dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2) respectively. Chalk and tufa are also… …   Wikipedia

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  • Rock (geology) — In geology, rock is a naturally occurring aggregate of minerals and/or mineraloids.The Earth s outer solid layer, the ‘lithosphere’, is made of rock. In general rocks are of three types, namely, igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. The… …   Wikipedia

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  • sedimentary rock — Rock formed at or near the Earth s surface by the accumulation and lithification of fragments of preexisting rocks or by precipitation from solution at normal surface temperatures. Sedimentary rocks can be formed only where sediments are… …   Universalium

  • carbonate mineral — Any member of a family of minerals that contains the carbonate ion, CO32 , as the basic structural unit. The carbonates are among the most widely distributed minerals in the earth s crust; the most common are calcite, dolomite, and aragonite.… …   Universalium

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