Cannon, Walter Bradford

Cannon, Walter Bradford

▪ American neurologist
born Oct. 19, 1871, Prairie du Chien, Wis., U.S.
died Oct. 1, 1945, Franklin, N.H.

      American neurologist and physiologist who was the first to use X rays in physiological studies. These led to his publication of The Mechanical Factors of Digestion (1911). His investigations on hemorrhagic and traumatic shock during World War I were summarized in Traumatic Shock (1923). He worked on methods of blood storage and in 1931 discovered sympathin, an adrenaline-like substance that is liberated at the tips of certain nerve cells.

      Cannon's work on the emergency functions of the sympathetic nervous system and on homeostasis are reported in Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage (1915) and in The Wisdom of the Body (1932). His contributions to the knowledge of the chemical mediation of nerve impulses were published (with A. Rosenblueth) in Autonomic Neuro-effector Systems (1937) and The Supersensitivity of Denervated Structures (1949). He was graduated in medicine from Harvard (1900) and taught there from 1899 to 1942.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cannon , Walter Bradford — (1871–1945) American physiologist Cannon, who was born in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, graduated from Harvard in 1896 and was professor of physiology there from 1906 to 1942. His early work included studies of the digestive system, in particular… …   Scientists

  • Walter Bradford Cannon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cannon. Walter Bradford Cannon (1871 1945) est un physiologiste américain. C est un des précurseur des rayons X, et il a entre autres développé le principe de fight or flight (en:fight or flight) à l origine de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter Bradford Cannon — Infobox Scientist name = Walter Bradford Cannon box width = image size =210px caption = Walter Bradford Cannon at Harvard. birth date = October 19, 1871 birth place = Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin death date = October 19, 1945 death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Cannon — Walter Bradford Cannon Walter Bradford Cannon (1871 1945) est un physiologiste américain. C est un des précurseur des rayons X, et il a entre autres développé le principe de fight or flight (en:fight or flight) à l origine de celui de double… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CANNON (W. B.) — CANNON WALTER BRADFORD (1871 1945) L’un des plus grands physiologistes américains, dont le nom reste surtout attaché à la théorie de l’homéostasie. Né dans le Wisconsin à Prairie du Chien, Cannon entre à Harvard en 1896. Docteur en médecine en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bradford — /brad feuhrd/, n. 1. Gamaliel, 1863 1932, U.S. biographer and novelist. 2. Roark /rawrk, rohrk/, 1896 1948, U.S. novelist and short story writer. 3. William, 1590 1657, Pilgrim settler: second governor of Plymouth Colony 1621 56. 4. William, 1663 …   Universalium

  • Walter — /vahl teuhr/ for 1; /wawl teuhr/ for 2, 3, n. 1. Bruno /brooh noh/, (Bruno Schlesinger), 1876 1962, German opera and symphony conductor, in U.S. after 1939. 2. Thomas Ustick /yooh stik/, 1804 87, U.S. architect. 3. a male given name. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Walter Cannon — 210px Walter Cannon at Harvard. Nacimiento 19 de octubre 1871 Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin Fallecimiento 19 de octubre 1945 Lincoln (Massachu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bradford Cannon — (December 2, 1907 ndash; December 20, 2005), the son of Dr. Walter Bradford Cannon, was a pioneer in the field of reconstructive surgery, specialising in burn victims. He was the first chief of plastic and reconstructive surgery at Massachusetts… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Cannon — Walter Bradford Cannon (* 19. Oktober 1871 in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin; † 1. Oktober 1945) war ein US amerikanischer Physiologe. 1906 wurde er Nachfolger von Henry Pickering Bowditch als George Higginson Professor of Physiology an der Harvard… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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