campylobacteriosis

campylobacteriosis

also called  vibriosis 

      a disease of cattle, sheep, and humans caused by bacteria of the genus campylobacter. Vaccines (vaccine) are available against the disease in cattle and sheep.

      In humans, campylobacteriosis is the chief form of food poisoning. The disease is often contracted from contact with raw chicken. Symptoms include fever, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. The infection usually lasts a week and can be treated with antibiotics (antibiotic). Efforts are underway to create a campylobacter vaccine for poultry, which would limit the incidence of campylobacteriosis in humans.

      In cattle, the disease is transmitted during coitus or artificial insemination. It is marked by inflammation of the genital tract, temporary infertility, and irregularity of estrus. If a fetus develops, it becomes infected and is either resorbed or aborted. The infection usually runs its course in less than two months, but in some animals it may become chronic. Control is possible through antibiotic uterine douches and penile ointments. semen given artificially can also be treated with antibiotics.

      Campylobacteriosis in sheep is transmitted by ingestion. The bacteria then invade the internal organs and the genital tract.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Campylobacteriosis — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Campylobacter ICD10 = ICD10|A|04|5|a|00 ICD9 = ICD9|008.43 | Caption = DiseasesDB = 1914 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 000224 eMedicineSubj = ped eMedicineTopic = 2697 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|med|263 MeshName =… …   Wikipedia

  • Campylobacteriosis — Disease caused by Campylobacter jejuni, now the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning, most often spread by contact with raw or undercooked poultry. A single drop of juice from a contaminated chicken is enough to make someone sick with… …   Medical dictionary

  • campylobacteriosis — noun An infection by the bacteria campylobacter …   Wiktionary

  • campylobacteriosis — /ˌkæmpəloʊbæktɪəriˈoʊsəs/ (say .kampuhlohbaktearee ohsuhs) noun 1. an infectious disease of humans and animals, caused by bacteria of the genus Campylobacter, with symptoms of diarrhoea, fever and vomiting. 2. a venereal disease of cattle… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • campylobacteriosis — campylobactēriōˈsis noun Infection with campylobacter • • • Main Entry: ↑campylobacter …   Useful english dictionary

  • avian campylobacteriosis — infection of chickens and other birds by Campylobacter jejuni, with hepatitis of varying severity; symptoms range from the subclinical or a simple drop in egg production to weight loss, hemorrhage, depression, and death. Called also vibrionic,… …   Medical dictionary

  • bovine genital campylobacteriosis — a venereal disease of cattle caused by Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus; characterized by infertility and early embryonic death. Called also bovine genital vibriosis …   Medical dictionary

  • enteric campylobacteriosis — Campylobacter enteritis …   Medical dictionary

  • ovine genital campylobacteriosis — an infectious disease of sheep caused by Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus and C. jejuni, characterized by abortion, and transmitted orally. Called also ovine genital vibriosis …   Medical dictionary

  • Кампилобактерио́з — (campylobacteriosis) инфекционная болезнь, характеризующаяся острым началом, лихорадкой, поражением желудочно кишечного тракта. Распространена во многих странах мира, в т.ч. и в СССР. Возбудителями являются кампилобактеры грамотрицательные,… …   Медицинская энциклопедия

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