camel hair

camel hair

▪ animal fibre
      animal fibre obtained from the camel and belonging to the group called specialty hair fibres. The most satisfactory textile fibre is gathered from camels of the Bactrian type. Such camels have protective outer coats of coarse fibre that may grow as long as 15 inches (40 cm). The fine, shorter fibre of the insulating undercoat, 1.5–5 inches (4–13 cm) long, is the product generally called camel hair, or camel hair wool. The hair is not usually gathered by shearing or plucking; it is most often collected as the animal sheds its coat. Both the outer coat and the undercoat are shed at the same time, and combing, frequently by machine, separates the desirable down from the coarse outer hairs. The resultant fine fibre has a tiny diameter of 5–40 microns and is usually a reddish tan colour. Camel-hair fibre has greater sensitivity to chemicals than does wool fibre. Its strength is similar to that of wool having a similar diameter but is less than that of mohair. Fabric made of camel hair has excellent insulating properties and is warm and comfortable. Camel hair is mainly used for high-grade overcoat fabrics and is also made into knitting yarn, knitwear, blankets, and rugs. The coarse outer fibre is strong and is used in industrial fabrics such as machine beltings and presscloths employed in extracting oil from oilseeds.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • camel-hair — see camel s hair …   Useful english dictionary

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  • camel-hair — ADJ: ADJ n (The spellings camel hair, and in American English camel s hair are also used.) A camel hair coat is made of a kind of soft, thick woollen cloth, usually creamy brown in colour …   English dictionary

  • camel hair — (also camel s hair) noun 1》 a fabric made from the hair of a camel. 2》 fine, soft hair from a squirrel s tail, used in artists brushes …   English new terms dictionary

  • camel hair — soft fine hair of the camel; soft light tan cloth made of hair of a camel …   English contemporary dictionary

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  • camel's hair — n. 1. the hair of the camel 2. cloth made of this hair, sometimes mixed with wool, etc.: it is usually light tan and very soft camel s hair adj. camel hair …   English World dictionary

  • camel — noun 1》 a large, long necked, mainly domesticated ungulate mammal of arid country, with long slender legs, broad cushioned feet, and either one or two humps on the back. [Camelus dromedarius (Arabian camel, N. Africa and SW Asia, with one hump)… …   English new terms dictionary

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