Caetano, Marcello José das Neves Alves
- Caetano, Marcello José das Neves Alves
▪ prime minister of Portugal
born Aug. 17, 1906, Lisbon, Port.
died Oct. 26, 1980, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
premier of Portugal from September 1968, when he succeeded António de Oliveira Salazar (Salazar, António de Oliveira
), until the revolution of April 1974.
Trained as a lawyer, Caetano served with Salazar (then the finance minister) in 1929 and helped to draft the Constitution of 1933 and other legal documents of the New State. Caetano's scholarly writings on civil law and legal and constitutional history, some of them still in print, influenced generations of the educated elite. He was minister of the colonies (1944–47) and deputy prime minister (1955–58), among other posts, before leaving political life to become rector of the University of Lisbon.
When Salazar suffered a stroke in 1968, Caetano was appointed prime minister. He permitted an opposition and rectified the constitution but was unable to curb inflation or appease his critics. Foreign criticism of his economic and energy policies in Portuguese Africa, along with dissatisfaction in the army over the colonial wars in Africa, led to the “Revolution of the Carnations,” which in 1974 overthrew the New State and drove Caetano into exile. He settled in Brazil and served as head of the Institute of Comparative Law, Gama Filho University, Rio de Janeiro, until his death.
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Marcello Caetano — Marcello José das Neves Alves Caetano bzw. auch Marcelo Caetano (* 17. August 1906 in Lissabon; † 26. Oktober 1980 in Rio de Janeiro) war ein portugiesischer Politiker und Jurist und von 1968 bis zur Nelkenrevolution 1974 Premierminister… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Portugal — /pawr cheuh geuhl, pohr /; Port. /pawrdd too gahl /, n. a republic in SW Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula, W of Spain. (Including the Azores and the Madeira Islands) 9,867,654; 35,414 sq. mi. (91,720 sq. km). Cap.: Lisbon. * * * Portugal… … Universalium
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Lisbon — /liz beuhn/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Portugal, in the SW part, on the Tagus estuary. 760,150. Portuguese, Lisboa /leezh baw euh/. * * * Portuguese Lisboa City (pop., 2001: 556,797), capital of Portugal. The country s chief seaport and… … Universalium
Salazar, António de Oliveira — born April 28, 1889, Vimierio, Port. died July 27, 1970, Lisbon Portuguese prime minister (1932–68). A professor of economics, he was appointed by Pres. António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona as finance minister (1928) and later prime minister (1932).… … Universalium
Каэтану Марселу Жозе дас Невиш Альвиш — Каэтану Марселу Жозе дас Невиш Альвиш(Caetano, Marcello Jose das Neves Alves) (1904 81), португ. гос. деятель. Будучи мин. по делам колоний в 1944 г., К. стал автором законопроекта об интеграции замор, терр. Португалии с метрополией. С 1968 по… … Всемирная история
Каэтану, Марселу — Марселу Каэтану Marcelo José das Neves Alves Caetano … Википедия