Caballero, Fernán

Caballero, Fernán

▪ Spanish writer
pseudonym of  Cecilia Böhl von Faber , or  Cecilia Böhl de Faber  
born December 24, 1796, Morges, Switzerland
died April 7, 1877, Sevilla, Spain
 Spanish writer whose novels and stories depict the language, customs, and folklore of rural Andalusia.

      Her father was Johann Niklaus Böhl von Faber, a German businessman who converted to Roman Catholicism and became a well-known critic of Spanish literature. He moved the family in 1813 to Andalusia, which was the native region of his wife. In 1816 their daughter Cecilia married Antonio Planells, a Spanish infantry officer who was killed in action the following year. In 1822 the young widow married the marqués de Arco Hermoso, in whose homes in Sevilla (Seville) and the Andalusian countryside she collected much of the material for her books. Upon his death in 1835 Cecilia found herself in straitened circumstances, and in 1837 she married a much younger man, Antonio de Ayala, whose unfortunate business speculations eventually drove him to suicide in 1859.

      Poverty helped persuade Cecilia to publish her writings. Her first and best-known novel, La gaviota (1849; The Seagull), was an immediate success with the public. No other Spanish book of the 19th century obtained such instant and universal recognition. It describes the career of a fisherman's daughter who marries a German physician, deserts her husband to become an opera singer, falls in love with a bullfighter, and eventually returns home, widowed and with her voice gone, to wed a village barber. La gaviota is marred by its obtrusive morality and slow pace, but its lively, sympathetic presentations of country people and their conversation are utterly convincing. The book is considered a precursor of the 19th-century Spanish realistic novel. It is also the first outstanding example of a novel influenced by costumbrismo, the literary movement that depicted in short prose sketches the rapidly changing customs of rural Spain, almost always with a somewhat nostalgic attitude.

      After the success of La gaviota, Caballero wrote many more works of fiction, including the novel Clemencia (1852) and the short-story collection Cuadros de costumbres populares andaluces (1852; “Sketches of Everyday Andalusian Life”). She died after a long period of ill health, thrice-widowed and childless. She was famous for her defense of the traditional virtues of Spain—Roman Catholic, monarchist, and rural—against the upsurge of 19th-century liberalism.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caballero, Fernán de — • Nom de plume of Cecilia Böhl von Faber, a noted Spanish novelist (1796 1877) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CABALLERO, FERNAN —    the nom de plume of Cecilia Boehl, a popular Spanish authoress, born in Switzerland, of German descent; a collector of folk tales; wrote charmingly; told stories of Spanish, particularly Andalusian, peasant life (1797 1877) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fernán Caballero — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el municipio de Ciudad Real, véase Fernán Caballero (Ciudad Real). Estatua de Fernán Caballero en El Puerto de Santa María Fernán Caballero ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fernan Caballero —     Fernán Caballero     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Fernán Caballero     Nom de plume of Cecilia Böhl von Faber, a noted Spanish novelist; born at Morges, a small town in Switzerland, 25 December, 1796; died at Seville, 7 April, 1877. Her father… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fernan Caballero — Cecilia Francisca Josefa Böhl de Faber y Larrea, besser bekannt unter ihrem Pseudonym Fernán Caballero (* 24. Dezember 1796 in Morges (Schweiz); † 7. April 1877 in Sevilla) war eine spanische Schriftstellerin schweizerischer Herkunft.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fernán Caballero (Ciudad Real) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fernán Caballero Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fernán Caballero — (24 December 1796 7 April 1877) was the pseudonym adopted from the name of a village in the province of Ciudad Real by the Spanish novelist Cecilia Francisca Josefa Böhl de Faber.Born at Morges in Switzerland, she was the daughter of Johann… …   Wikipedia

  • Fernán Ruiz de Castro — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fernán Ruiz de Castro (¿? 1377, Bayona (Francia), III Conde de Lemos, Trastámara y Sarria con carácter no hereditario. Hijo de Pedro Fernández de Castro El de la guerra , primer señor jurisdiccional de Monforte de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fernán Sánchez de Castro — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fernán Sánchez de Castro (1240 Pomar, Aragón 1275). Hijo ilegítimo de Jaime I el Conquistador. Su padre le concedió la Baronía de Castro en 1250, que ostentó junto con el Señorío de Pomar. Contenido 1 Orígenes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fernán Pérez de Ayala — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fernán Pérez de Ayala Escudo de la familia Ayala. Reinado (1332 1385) N …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”