Butt, Isaac

Butt, Isaac

▪ Irish leader
born Sept. 6, 1813, Glenfin, County Donegal, Ire.
died May 5, 1879, near Dundrum, County Dublin

      lawyer and Irish nationalist leader who, if not the originator of the term Home Rule, was the first to make it an effective political slogan. He was the founder (1870) and first chief of the Home Government Association and president (1873–77) of the Home Rule Confederation of Great Britain, but was superseded in 1878 as head of the Home Rule movement by the younger and more forceful Charles Stewart Parnell.

      Butt served as professor of political economy at Trinity College, Dublin (1836–41), and was called to the Irish bar in 1838 and the English bar in 1859. In 1848 he undertook the defense of the Young Ireland leaders, who were charged with high treason for their abortive insurrection that year. From 1865 to 1869 he was the principal defense counsel for the imprisoned leaders of the Fenians (Irish Republican, or Revolutionary, Brotherhood). Intermittently from 1852 he represented, successively, one English and two Irish constituencies in the British House of Commons.

      Despite his legal work for the Fenians, Butt, who was basically a conservative, feared the consequences of a successful Fenian revolt. Disillusioned, however, by the British government's failure to relieve the great Irish famine of the late 1840s, he became convinced that a native parliament was required for Irish land reform and other needs. In November 1869 he advocated a political party that would unite all Irish nationalist groups; in May 1870 he called for an Irish Parliament subordinate to the imperial Parliament at Westminster, and later that year he formed the Home Government Association. From 1871 he quickened the Irish nationalist agitation in the House of Commons but gradually lost his leadership, partly because he disapproved of Parnell's tactics of obstructing routine parliamentary business.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butt, Isaac — ► (1813 79) Jurisconsulto y político irlandés. Apoyó la autonomía de Irlanda …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BUTT, ISAAC —    Irish patriot, distinguished for his scholarship at Dublin University; became editor of the Dublin University Magazine; entered Parliament, and at length took the lead of the Home Rule party, but could not control it, and retired (1813 1879) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Butt — Butt, Isaac …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Isaac Butt — (né le 6 septembre 1813 et décédé le 5 mai 1879 était homme politique protestant irlandais, député à la Chambre des communes du Royaume Uni de Grande Bretagne et d Irlande. Il exerçait la profession d avocat à Dublin et était… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac Butt — Isaac Butt. Isaac Butt (* 6. September 1813 in Glenfin, County Donegal, Irland; † 5. Mai 1879 in Dundrum, County Dublin) war ein irischer Rechtsanwalt, Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Politiker. Leben Butt war Gründer und Leiter zahlreicher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Butt — 6 September 1813 ndash; 5 May 1879) was an Irish barrister, and the founder and first leader of a number of Irish nationalist parties and organizations, including the Irish Metropolitan Conservative Society in 1836, the Home Government… …   Wikipedia

  • Butt — may refer to:* Ass * Buttocks * Anus * Butt, a Kashmiri tribe in Pakistan and India. * Butt (unit), a unit of wine. * Butt (archery), a target for practicing archery. * Butt (sailing), a joint between planks of wood on a ship. * Butt joint, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Butt — steht für: die Arten der zwei Plattfischfamilien Butte und Steinbutte die Flunder aus der Plattfischfamilie der Schollen SRB Butt, ein Seenotrettungsboot der Deutschen Gesellschaft zur Rettung Schiffbrüchiger Butt (Schiff), ein Landungsboot der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Baron — Nickname(s) westmenloAA Hometown Menlo Park, California World Series of Poker Bracelet(s) None Money finish(es) 7 …   Wikipedia

  • Issac Butt — Isaac Butt Isaac Butt (né le 6 septembre 1813 et décédé le 5 mai 1879 était un avocat et homme politique irlandais. Il a été député à la Chambre des Communes du Royaume Uni de Grande Bretagne et d Irlande. Isaac Butt est le… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”