Buka Island

Buka Island

      island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific. Geographically, Buka is one of the northern Solomon Islands and lies northwest of Bougainville Island, from which it is separated by the deep Buka Passage (5 miles [8 km] wide). With Bougainville and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. A volcanic formation measuring 35 miles by 9 miles (56 km by 14 km), Buka has a total land area of 190 square miles (492 square km). Rising to 1,634 feet (498 metres) in hills on the southwest, the island is densely forested in the interior. Rainfall is abundant, with more than 100 inches (2,500 mm) annually. Coral reefs fringe the south and west coasts, the latter deeply indented by Queen Carola Harbour.

      Archaeological evidence shows that Buka has been occupied for at least 28,000 years. The island was visited in 1767 by a British navigator, Philip Carteret, who named it Winchelsea. Placed under a German protectorate in 1885, the island remained under that administration by virtue of a British-American-German agreement reached just before the turn of the century. The island was taken by Australian troops in 1914 and mandated to Australia in 1920. It was held by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945, was included in the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea after World War II, and became part of Papua New Guinea when that country achieved its independence in 1975. With Bougainville Island and several small island groups, Buka formed the North Solomons province (renamed Bougainville province in 1997).

      In 1988 rebels seeking Bougainville's independence from Papua New Guinea mounted an insurrection, and in 1990 Buka became the scene of violent clashes. In 2001 a peace agreement was reached, and in 2005 Bougainville and Buka, as well as several nearby islands, officially became an autonomous region. Buka, which had been the provincial headquarters since 1997, became the region's administrative centre.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buka Island — is the second largest island in the Papua New Guinean province of Bougainville. History Buka was first occupied by humans in paleolithic times, some 30,000 years ago. The present inhabitants speak languages that in all likelihood stem from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Buka — can refer to:* Buka, Papua New Guinea, the war capital of Bougainville Province. * Buka Island is the second largest island in the Papua New Guinean province of Bougainville. * Buka Entertainment, a computer game publisher * Buka (music), the… …   Wikipedia

  • Buka-Mosaikschwanzratte — Systematik Unterordnung: Mäuseverwandte (Myomorpha) Überfamilie: Mäuseartige (Muroidea) Familie: Langschwanzmäuse (Muridae) Unterf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buka, Papua New Guinea — Buka is situated on Buka Island, Bougainville Province, Papua New Guinea. It has been the capital of the province during the Bougainville civil war. The former, or proper capital of Bougainville, Arawa was all but destroyed in 1990 as tensions… …   Wikipedia

  • Buka (île) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Buka. Buka Les îles Bougainville et Buka …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bougainville Island — ▪ island, Papua New Guinea       easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific. With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. Geographically, Bougainville is the… …   Universalium

  • Buka — geographical name island W Pacific in the Solomons N of Bougainville population 33,770 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ile Buka — Île Buka Les îles Bougainville et Buka L île Buka est la seconde plus grande île de la province de Bougainville en Papouasie Nouvelle Guinée. Comme l île Bougainville dont elle n est séparée que par une passe étroite au sud, elle fait… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Île Buka — Les îles Bougainville et Buka L île Buka est la seconde plus grande île de la province de Bougainville en Papouasie Nouvelle Guinée. Comme l île Bougainville dont elle n est séparée que par une passe étroite au sud, elle fait géographiquement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Battle of Savo Island — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Savo Island caption=The U.S. cruiser Quincy on fire and sinking as a result of numerous gunfire and torpedo hits from attacking Japanese cruisers. The flames at the far left of the picture are probably …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”