Breitenfeld, Battle of

Breitenfeld, Battle of

▪ European history
      (Sept. 17, 1631), the first major Protestant victory of the Thirty Years' War, in which the army of the Roman Catholic Habsburg emperor Ferdinand II and the Catholic League, under Johan Isaclaes, Graf von Tilly (Tilly, Johann Tserclaes, Graf von), was destroyed by the Swedish-Saxon army under King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden (Gustav II Adolf). The battle marked the emergence of Sweden as a great power and the triumph of the new Swedish flexible linear tactics over the old massive infantry formations that had long dominated European warfare.

      In early September Tilly, the imperial commander, invaded Saxony and, after seizing Leipzig on September 15, arrayed his army nearby in Breitenfeld to meet the Swedish-Saxon advance. The Saxons, on the Swedish left, were routed by Tilly's initial attack. However, Tilly's attempt to turn this flank was repulsed when the commander of the Swedish left, Gustav Karlsson Horn, shifted troops to form a new front to his flank in the heat of battle—the first time this was done in modern warfare. Meanwhile the Swedish right withstood seven hours of imperial cavalry charges. Gustav Adolf then personally led a furious counterattack around Tilly's left, captured the Saxon guns lost earlier, as well as the imperial artillery, and mowed down the massive imperial infantry squares. The imperial army broke and fled, with losses of 12,000 men. Tilly, seriously wounded, escaped with only a few thousand men. Gustav entered Leipzig the next day.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Breitenfeld — There were two Battles of Breitenfeld, #Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) #Battle of Breitenfeld (1642)both occurred by Breitenfeld, Germany mi to km|4 from Leipzig during the Thirty Years War, between the Swedish Army and the forces of the Catholic… …   Wikipedia

  • Breitenfeld — may refer to:* Leipzig Breitenfeld, a northwestern suburb (once an outlying village and crossroads mi to km|4 outside of Leipzigs curtain walls) on the plain of Leipzig, Germany * two battles that were fought there during the Thirty Year s war:… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Battle of Breitenfeld caption=Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle at Breitenfeld . partof=the Thirty Years War date=September 7 (O.S.)September 7 (old style or pre acceptance of the Gregorian calendar in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Breitenfeld (1642) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Breitenfeld partof=the Thirty Years War caption= date=October 23, 1642 place=Breitenfeld, Saxony result=Decisive Swedish victory combatant1=flag|Sweden combatant2=flag|Holy Roman Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Rain — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Rain or Battle of Lech or Battle of the River Lech caption= partof=the Thirty Years War date=April 15, 1632 place=At the River Lech near Rain, Bavaria, present day Germany result=Decisive Swedish… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Nördlingen (1634) — This article is about the first Battle of Nördlingen fought in 1634 in Germany as part of the Thirty Years War. For the second battle, see Battle of Nördlingen (1645). Battle of Nördlingen Part of the Thirty Years War …   Wikipedia

  • Breitenfeld (1631) order of battle — The following units and commanders fought in the Battle of Breitenfeld of the Thirty Years War in 1631. Unless otherwise noted, all units have ten companies.Holy Roman Empire (Catholic)Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly Unless otherwise noted, all… …   Wikipedia

  • Croatian–Bulgarian battle of 927 — Battle of the Bosnian Highlands Part of the Croatian–Bulgarian wars Date May 27, 927 Location Croatian–Bulgarian border in the Bosnian highlands (present day eastern Bosnia and Herzego …   Wikipedia

  • Batalla de Breitenfeld (1631) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Breitenfeld Parte de Guerra de los Treinta Años …   Wikipedia Español

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”