Bravais, Auguste

Bravais, Auguste

▪ French physicist
born Aug. 23, 1811, Annonay, Fr.
died March 30, 1863, Le Chesnay

      French physicist best remembered for his work on the lattice theory of crystals; Bravais lattices (Bravais lattice) are named for him.

      Bravais completed his classical education at the Collège Stanislas, Paris, and received his doctorate from Lyon in 1837. His interest in exploration prompted him to join the Navy, and he began teaching astronomy at the Faculté des Sciences at Lyon in 1841. In 1844 he was elected to the Académie Royal des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon. In 1845 he was appointed professor of physics at the École Polytechnique, Paris, and in 1854 was admitted to the geography and navigation section of the Académie des Sciences, Paris.

      Bravais was responsible for the revival of interest in the study of the external forms of crystals and their internal structures. After intensive study of lattice properties, he derived in 1848 the 14 possible arrangements of points in space. In Études cristallographiques (1866) he exhaustively analyzed the geometry of molecular polyhedra.

      Numerous other books and articles reflected Bravais's ceaseless curiosity that resulted in comprehensive studies of such diverse subjects as terrestrial magnetism, the northern lights, meteorology, botanical geography, astronomy, and hydrography.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bravais — Auguste Bravais (c. 1850). Auguste Bravais (* 23. August 1811 in Annonay, Frankreich; † 30. März 1863 in Le Chesnay) war ein französischer Physiker und Mitbegründer der Kristallographie. Bravais beendete seine klassische Ausbildung am Collège… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bravais lattice — /brav ay, breuh vay / Crystall. lattice (def. 4). [named after Auguste Bravais (d. 1863), French physicist] * * * ▪ crystallography       any of 14 possible three dimensional configurations of points used to describe the orderly arrangement of… …   Universalium

  • Auguste Bravais — (ca. 1850). Auguste Bravais (* 23. August 1811 in Annonay, Frankreich; † 30. März 1863 in Le Chesnay) war ein französischer Physiker und Kristallograph. Bravais beendete seine klassische Ausbildung am Collège Stanislas in Paris und er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Bravais — (v. 1850). Auguste Bravais, né à Annonay le 23 août 1811 et mort au Chesnay le 30 mars 1863, est un astronome et physicien, minéralogiste et géologue français réputé pour ses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bravais —   [bra vɛ], Auguste, französischer Naturforscher, * Annonay (Département Ardèche) 23. 8. 1811, ✝ Versailles 30. 3. 1863; zuerst Seeoffizier, 1841 45 Professor in Lyon, danach an der École polytechnique in Paris. Von ihm stammen grundlegende… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Auguste Bravais — Infobox Scientist name = Auguste Bravais box width = image width =150px caption =Auguste Bravais (c. 1850). birth date = 23 August, 1811 birth place = Annonay death date = 30 March, 1863 death place = Le Chesnay residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Bravais-Gitter — Die Bravais Gitter oder auch Raumgitter stellen die Menge aller im Raum möglichen Einheitszellen der Kristalle dar. Auguste Bravais klassifizierte die verschiedenen möglichen Translationsgitter. Diese Gitter lassen sich bilden, wenn gleiche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bravais lattice — In geometry and crystallography, a Bravais lattice, named after Auguste Bravais, [cite journal | last = Aroyo | first = Mois I. | coauthors = Ulrich Müller and Hans Wondratschek | title = Historical Introduction | journal = International Tables… …   Wikipedia

  • Bravais lattice — noun a 3 dimensional geometric arrangement of the atoms or molecules or ions composing a crystal • Syn: ↑space lattice, ↑crystal lattice • Hypernyms: ↑lattice * * * ˈbraˌvā ; brəˈvā , braˈ noun Usage: usually capitalized B …   Useful english dictionary

  • Reseau de Bravais — Réseau de Bravais Pour les articles homonymes, voir Réseau. En cristallographie, un réseau de Bravais est une distribution régulière de points – appelés nœuds – dans l’espace qui représente la périodicité de la distribution atomique d’un cristal …   Wikipédia en Français

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